Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2018 October 12
The Land of Cockaigne (1567)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525 - 1569)
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance Style
Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
[ Illustration: Today's painting illustrates two verses (4-5) which speak of the folly of expecting gain without diligence. ]
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: Proverbs 10 is a collection of mostly unrelated proverbs designed to teach the depth and the breadth of wisdom.
This is the first chapter of a new sub-section within "The Proverbs Of Solomon & The Wise (Solomon's Collection) -- Chapters 1-24." This sub-section [10:1 - 22:16] is titled, simply, "The Proverbs of Solomon." This section builds on the previous section by offering a series of contrasts between the wise and the foolish and between wisdom and folly in general. Having offered a strong persuasion in the previous section to follow wisdom, the author now shows what wisdom is in daily life. From this point in the book, until the last two chapters, the proverbs are generally arranged individually, and groupings are less frequent and mainly shorter. Most of these proverbs are written in a literary technique called parallelism. Synonymous Parallelism makes a statement in the first half of the proverb and says the same thing in different words in the last part of the proverb ["As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to them that send him." Proverbs 10:26]. Antithetical Parallelism begins with a statement in the first part and makes a contrasting statement in the latter part ["The LORD will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish: but he casteth away the substance of the wicked." Proverbs 10:3]. Synthetic Parallelism begins with a statement and ends with new information ["The blessing of the LORD, it maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow with it." Proverbs 10:22.
The chapter discusses 32 contrasts and comparisons:
A wise son and a foolish son (1);
Wickedness and righteousness (2);
Righteous men and wicked men (3);
Laziness and diligence (4, 5);
The just and the violent (6);
The just and the wicked (7);
The wise and the foolish (8);
The upright and the perverse (9);
The mischievous and babbling fool (10);
The life-giving mouth and the violent mouth (11);
Hatred and love (12);
Understanding and lack of understanding (13);
Knowledge and folly (14);
Wealth and poverty (15);
The labor of the righteous and the fruit of the wicked (16);
Those who listen and those who refuse to listen (17);
Lying lips and slander (18);
Many words and few words (19);
The tongue of the just and the heart of the wicked (20);
Blessing from the righteous and death for the fools (21);
The blessing of the LORD which makes one rich and has no sorrow (22);
The mischief of fools and the understanding of the wise (23);
The fear of the wicked and the desire of the righteous (24);
The wicked pass and the righteous remain (25);
The irritating sluggard (26);
Long days or short days of life come through reverence or wickedness (27);
The hope of the righteous and the expectation of the wicked (28);
The way of the LORD and the way of iniquity (29);
The stability of the righteous and the instability of the wicked (30);
The mouth of the just and the perverse tongue (31);
The lips of the righteous and the mouth of the wicked (32).
[ Sermons: Adam McMurray. Various. ]
Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation
[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]
[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Proverbs 10: Proverbs 11. Proverbs 12. Proverbs 13. Proverbs 14. Proverbs 15. Proverbs 16. Proverbs 17. Proverbs 18. Proverbs 19. Proverbs 20. Proverbs 21. Proverbs 22. Proverbs 23. Proverbs 24. ]
 Proverbs 17:21, 25.
 Proverbs 11:4.
 Psalm 34:9-10; Hebrews 13:5-6.
[4-5] Proverbs 6:6-11.
 Proverbs 28:20.
 Psalm 112:6.
 Proverbs 14:8.
 Proverbs 28:18.
 Proverbs 6:12-15.
 Proverbs 13:14.
 Proverbs 15:18.
 Psalm 32:9.
 Proverbs 18:7.
 Proverbs 19:7.
 Isaiah 3:10-11; Matthew 12:33-34.
 Hebrews 2:1.
 Psalm 5:9; Psalm 15:1-3.
 James 1:19.
 Proverbs 25:11-12.
 Proverbs 15:4.
 1 Samuel 2:7-8.
 Proverbs 15:21.
 Hebrews 10:26-31.
 Psalm 37:9-10.
 Proverbs 25:13, 20.
 Proverbs 3:1-2, 13-18.
 Proverbs 14:32.
 Psalm 1:6.
 Psalm 37:9-10, 22.
 Proverbs 10:11, 13, 20-21.
 Proverbs 11:11.
-- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Proverbs 10. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible
Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Proverbs Detailed Outline
The Proverbs are grouped into two Collections, each having 2 Sections, with various Sub-Sections. (See the Detailed Outline above and below).
1. Collection 1 - Proverbs of Solomon & the Wise (Solomon's Collection)
(1:1 - 24:34) - 968 - 946 B.C., Israel
A. Section 1 - Proverbs of Solomon (1:1 - 22:16)
1). Sub-Section 1 - "The Proverbs of Solomon, Son of David" (1:1 - 9:18)
a). Purpose: To teach the fear of the LORD, the beginning of wisdom (1:1-7, esp. 7)
b). Precepts: The seductions of folly verses the attractions of wisdom (1:8 - 9:18)
(1). Part 1: (1:8 - 4:27)
(a). Folly: Wicked Companions Bring Death (1:8-19)
(b). Wisdom: Wisdom Brings Life and reward (1:20 - 4:27)
(2). Part 2: (5:1 - 6:19)
(a). Folly: Adulterous Women Bring Suffering and Death (5:1-15)
(b). Wisdom: Safety from Marital Love + Diligence in Wisdom (5:16 - 6:19)
(3). Part 3: (6:20 - 9:18)
(a). Folly: Adulterous Women Bring Deceit & Death (6:20 - 7:27)
(b). Wisdom: It Brings Favor from the LORD, Kings, & Rulers (8:1 - 9:18)
2). Sub-Section 2 - "The Proverbs of Solomon" (10:1 - 22:16)
Note: This section builds on the previous section by offering a series of contrasts between the wise and the foolish and between wisdom and folly in general.
Having offered a strong persuasion in the previous section to follow wisdom, the author now shows what wisdom is in daily life.
In the latter sections the proverbs are generally arranged individually, and groupings are less frequent and mainly shorter.
Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.
1 The proverbs of Solomon.
A wise son maketh a glad father:
but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.
2 Treasures of wickedness profit nothing:
but righteousness delivereth from death.
3 The LORD will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish:
but he casteth away the substance of the wicked.
4 He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand:
but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.
5 He that gathereth in summer is a wise son:
but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.
6 Blessings are upon the head of the just:
but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.
7 The memory of the just is blessed:
but the name of the wicked shall rot.
8 The wise in heart will receive commandments:
but a prating fool shall fall.
9 He that walketh uprightly walketh surely:
but he that perverteth his ways shall be known.
10 He that winketh with the eye causeth sorrow:
but a prating fool shall fall.
11 The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life:
but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.
12 Hatred stirreth up strifes:
but love covereth all sins.
13 In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found:
but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.
14 Wise men lay up knowledge:
but the mouth of the foolish is near destruction.
15 The rich man's wealth is his strong city:
the destruction of the poor is their poverty.
16 The labour of the righteous tendeth to life:
the fruit of the wicked to sin.
17 He is in the way of life that keepeth instruction:
but he that refuseth reproof erreth.
18 He that hideth hatred with lying lips,
and he that uttereth a slander,
is a fool.
19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin:
but he that refraineth his lips is wise.
20 The tongue of the just is as choice silver:
the heart of the wicked is little worth.
21 The lips of the righteous feed many:
but fools die for want of wisdom.
22 The blessing of the LORD, it maketh rich,
and he addeth no sorrow with it.
23 It is as sport to a fool to do mischief:
but a man of understanding hath wisdom.
24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him:
but the desire of the righteous shall be granted.
25 As the whirlwind passeth, so is the wicked no [nothing] more:
but the righteous is an everlasting foundation.
26 As vinegar to the teeth,
and as smoke to the eyes,
so is the sluggard to them that send him.
27 The fear of the LORD prolongeth days:
but the years of the wicked shall be shortened.
28 The hope of the righteous shall be gladness:
but the expectation of the wicked shall perish.
29 The way of the LORD is strength to the upright:
but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.
30 The righteous shall never [never not at all] be removed:
but the wicked shall not inhabit the earth.
31 The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom:
but the froward tongue shall be cut out.
32 The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable:
but the mouth of the wicked speaketh frowardness.
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