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2018 October 20
Proverbs 18

Carl Friedrich Lessing, Carl Sohn, and Theodor Hildebrandt (1839)
Julius Hubner (1806-1882)
Romanticism Style; Dusseldorf School
Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts a group of friends, which is the subject of verse 24. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Proverbs 18 contains comparisons and contrasts between the righteous and the wicked.
          The subjects of chapter 18 are these:
               The first verse describes how certain men interact with wisdom. It may be positively or negatively, depending on how the Hebrew words should be translated. The King James Version apparently takes the positive view and translates it this way: "Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom." The English Standard Version takes the negative view and translates it this way: "Whoever isolates himself seeks his own desire; he breaks out against all sound judgment." Both translations are plausible. The positive translation means that a man sets himself aside to pursue wisdom. The negative translation means that a man isolates himself from wisdom to pursue his own thinking (1).
               Whatever is the case with the first verse, the second verse clearly describes a man who has no delight in understanding; he delights only in expressing his own opinion (2).
               Wickedness brings contempt; and dishonor brings disgrace (3).
               A man's wisdom is like deep waters and a flowing brook (4).
               It is not good to accept the wicked and overthrow the righteous in judgment (5).
               Fools enter into contention and call for a beating (6).
               A fool's mouth destroy him; and his lips ensnare his soul (7).
               The words of a talebearer are like wounds which go down into the innermost parts of the belly (8).
               He who is slothful is a brother to one who is a great waster (9).
               Calling on the name of the LORD is like running into a strong tower (10).
               A rich man's wealth is like a strong city and a high wall to him (11).
               Pride precedes destruction; humility precedes honor (12).
               It is foolish and shameful to answer a matter before hearing it (13).
               The spirit of a man will sustain him in his infirmity; but a wounded spirit is extremely hard to endure (14).
               The prudent gain knowledge; and the wise seek it (15).
               A man's gift makes room for him and brings him before great men (16).
               He who is first in his cause seems just; but his neighbor comes and searches him (17).
               The lot causes contentions to cease and decides between the mighty (18).
               An offended brother is like a strong city; and contention is like the bars of a castle (19).
               The fruit of a man's mouth fills him; and the produce of his lips fills him (20).
               Death and life are in the power of the tongue; and they that love it shall eat its fruit (21).
               Whosoever finds a wife finds a good thing and obtains the favor of the LORD (22).
               The poor plead; but the rich answer roughly (23).
               A man with friends must show himself friendly [or, more literally, may come to harm, or may be broken by them]; but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother (24).

     [ Sermons: Maurice Roberts. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Proverbs 18: Proverbs 10. Proverbs 11. Proverbs 12. Proverbs 13. Proverbs 14. Proverbs 15. Proverbs 16. Proverbs 17. Proverbs 18. Proverbs 19. Proverbs 20. Proverbs 21. Proverbs 22. Proverbs 23. Proverbs 24. ]
[1] Ephesians 5:15-17.
[2] Proverbs 1:7, 22.
[3] Proverbs 11:2.
[4] Proverbs 10:11.
[5] Proverbs 28:21.
[6] Proverbs 12:16.
[7] Proverbs 10:8, 14.
[8] Proverbs 16:28.
[9] Proverbs 24:30-34; Hebrews 6:12.
[10]Exodus 34:5-7; Psalm 18:2; Psalm 27:1; Psalm 61:3-4; Psalm 91:2, 14; Psalm 144:2; Isaiah 26:4; Psalm 56:3-4; Habakkuk 3:19.
[11] Proverbs 10:15; Proverbs 11:4; Deuteronomy 32:31; Psalm 62:10.
[12] Proverbs 11:2.
[13] John 7:51.
[14] Psalm 147:3; Proverbs 17:22; Psalm 42:10-11.
[15] Proverbs 1:5; James 1:5.
[16] Proverbs 17:8; Proverbs 19:6.
[17] Proverbs 18:13.
[18] Proverbs 16:33.
[19] Proverbs 6:19; Proverbs 16:32.
[20] Proverbs 13:2; Proverbs 25:11-12.
[21] Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:6
[22] Proverbs 12:4.
[23] James 1:9-11.
[24] Proverbs 17:17.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Proverbs 18. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Proverbs Detailed Outline

The Proverbs are grouped into two Collections, each having 2 Sections, with various Sub-Sections. (See the Detailed Outline above and below).

1. Collection 1 - Proverbs of Solomon & the Wise (Solomon's Collection)
     (1:1 - 24:34) - 968 - 946 B.C., Israel
     A. Section 1 - Proverbs of Solomon (1:1 - 22:16)
          1). Sub-Section 1 - "The Proverbs of Solomon, Son of David" (1:1 - 9:18)
               a). Purpose: To teach the fear of the LORD, the beginning of wisdom (1:1-7, esp. 7)
               b). Precepts: The seductions of folly verses the attractions of wisdom (1:8 - 9:18)
                    (1). Part 1: (1:8 - 4:27)
                         (a). Folly: Wicked Companions Bring Death (1:8-19)
                         (b). Wisdom: Wisdom Brings Life and reward (1:20 - 4:27)
                    (2). Part 2: (5:1 - 6:19)
                         (a). Folly: Adulterous Women Bring Suffering and Death (5:1-15)
                         (b). Wisdom: Safety from Marital Love + Diligence in Wisdom (5:16 - 6:19)
                    (3). Part 3: (6:20 - 9:18)
                         (a). Folly: Adulterous Women Bring Deceit & Death (6:20 - 7:27)
                         (b). Wisdom: It Brings Favor from the LORD, Kings, & Rulers (8:1 - 9:18)
          2). Sub-Section 2 - "The Proverbs of Solomon" (10:1 - 22:16)
                    Note: This section builds on the previous section by offering a series of contrasts between the wise and the foolish and between wisdom and folly in general.
                    Having offered a strong persuasion in the previous section to follow wisdom, the author now shows what wisdom is in daily life.
                    In the latter sections the proverbs are generally arranged individually, and groupings are less frequent and mainly shorter.

Proverbs 18

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 Through desire a man, having separated himself,
seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom.

2 A fool hath no delight in understanding,
but [but rather] that his heart may discover itself.

3 When the wicked cometh,
then cometh also contempt,
and with ignominy reproach.

4 The words of a man's mouth are as deep waters,
and the wellspring of wisdom as a flowing brook.

5 It is not good to accept the person of the wicked,
to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

6 A fool's lips enter into contention,
and his mouth calleth for strokes.

7 A fool's mouth is his destruction,
and his lips are the snare of his soul.

8 The words of a talebearer are as wounds,
and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.

9 He also that is slothful in his work
is brother to him that is a great waster.

10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower:
the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.

11 The rich man's wealth is his strong city,
and as an high wall in his own conceit.

12 Before destruction the heart of man is haughty,
and before honour is humility.

13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth it,
it is folly and shame unto him.

14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity;
but a wounded spirit who can bear?

15 The heart of the prudent getteth knowledge;
and the ear of the wise seeketh knowledge.

16 A man's gift maketh room for him,
and bringeth him before great men.

17 He that is first in his own cause seemeth just;
but his neighbour cometh and searcheth him.

18 The lot causeth contentions to cease,
and parteth between the mighty.

19 A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city:
and their contentions are like the bars of a castle.

20 A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth;
and with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.

21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue:
and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.

22 Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing,
and obtaineth favour of [from] the LORD.

23 The poor useth intreaties;
but the rich answereth roughly.

24 A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly [or, may come to harm, or may be broken by them]:
and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.

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