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2018 December 13
Isaiah 21

Klosterruine Eldena (1825)
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840)
German Romanticism Style
Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
Image Source: Wikimedia

     [ Illustration: Today's painting shows the ruin of a formerly glorious edifice. This was soon to be the fate of Babylon, Edom, and Arabia. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Isaiah 21 contains 3 burdens: for Babylon, for Edom, and for Arabia - prophesying desolation and invasion. The Burden of Babylon was the most grievous of the three (1-10). It was so grievous that the prophet was seized with anguish. He heard the report that Babylon fell, that its idols were broken, and that its food supply was ruined; and pangs came upon him like a woman in travail. The burdens that follow are for Edom (11-12) and for Arabia (13-17), given by the words of watchmen who see invasion coming - and with it hunger, thirst, and the fall of mighty men.
     Babylon was called "the desert of the sea." The reason for this is explained by John Gill: "Babylon is here called "the desert of the sea", not because it was a desert land, for it was a very fruitful one; or because it would be laid desolate, and become as a wilderness; but either because there was one between that and the countries of Media and Persia, as Kimchi, from whence its destroyers would come; or rather, because it was, as the word may be rendered, a "plain", for so the land of Chaldea was, and the city of Babylon particularly was built in a plain, Genesis 11:2 and because this country abounded with pools and lakes, which with the Hebrews are called seas; and especially since the city of Babylon was situated by the river Euphrates, which ran about it, and through it and which therefore is said to dwell upon many waters, Jeremiah 51:13 hence it has this name of the desert of the sea; besides, Abydenus, from Megasthenes, informs us, that all the places about Babylon were from the beginning water, and were called a sea; and it should be observed that mystical Babylon is represented by a woman in a desert, sitting on many waters, which are interpreted of a multitude of people and nations, Revelation 17:1 and some here by "sea" understand the multitude of its riches, power, and people." Also see J. P. Lange. Isaiah 21. The burden-of the sea.

     [ Sermons: Brian Borgman 1. Brian Borgman 2. William Still. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Isaiah 21: Isaiah 13. Isaiah 14. Isaiah 15. Isaiah 16. Isaiah 17. Isaiah 18. Isaiah 19. Isaiah 20. Isaiah 21. Isaiah 22. Isaiah 23. ]
[1] Isaiah 13:1; Isaiah 17:1; Isaiah 18:2; Isaiah 19:5; Zechariah 9:14; Jeremiah 4:11; Jeremiah 13:24; Hosea 13:15.
[2] Habakkuk 2:5; Isaiah 13:17; Ezekiel 32:24.
[3] Nahum 2:10; Ezekiel 21:6; Isaiah 13:8; Jeremiah 30:6.
[4] Daniel 5:1; Daniel 5:30.
[5] Amos 6:4; Isaiah 22:13.
[6] Ezekiel 33:7; Habakkuk 2:1-2.
[7] Isaiah 37:24.
[8] Isaiah 56:10.
[9] Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:2.
[10] Micah 4:12-13; Jeremiah 51:33; Matthew 3:3.
[11] Amos 5:18.
[12] Isaiah 17:14.
[13] Jeremiah 49:8; Ezekiel 25:13; Ezekiel 27:15.
[14] Isaiah 16:3-4.
[15] Job 6:19-20.
[16] Isaiah 16:14; Psalm 120:5; Song of Solomon 1:5.
[17] Jeremiah 49:28-29.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Isaiah Detailed Outline

Isaiah 21

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

Cycle 7 - The Burden of the Wilderness of the Sea [Babylon] (21:1-10)

a. Judgment: The Fall of Babylon, Judah's Captor, and Babylon's gods (21:1-9)

1 The burden of the desert of the sea.

As whirlwinds in the south pass through;
so it cometh from the desert,
from a terrible land.
2 A grievous vision is declared unto me;
the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously,
and the spoiler spoileth.

Go up, O Elam:
besiege, O Media;
all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.

3 Therefore are my loins filled with pain:
pangs have taken hold upon me,
as the pangs of a woman that travaileth:
I was bowed down at the hearing of it;
I was dismayed at the seeing of it.
4 My heart panted,
fearfulness affrighted me:
[this] the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.
5 Prepare the table,
watch in the watchtower,
ye princes,
and anoint the shield.

6 For thus hath the Lord said unto me,
set a watchman,
let him declare what he seeth.

7 And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen,
a chariot of asses,
and a chariot of camels;
and he hearkened diligently with much heed [and he hearkens hearkening with much hearkening]:

8 And he cried,
A lion:
My lord,

I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime,
and I am set in my ward whole nights:
9 And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men,
with a couple of horsemen.

And he answered and said,
Babylon is fallen, is fallen;
and all the graven images of her gods
he hath broken unto the ground.

b. Blessing: The End of Babylonian Oppression Against Israel (21:10)

10 O my threshing,
and the corn of my floor:
that which I have heard of the LORD of hosts,
the God of Israel,
have I declared unto you.

Cycle 8 - The Burden of Dumah [Edom] (21:11-12)

a. Judgment: Night - Calamity for Edom (21:11-12a)

He calleth to me out of Seir,
what of the night?
what of the night?

12 The watchman said,
The morning cometh,
and also the night:

b. Blessing: Morning - Deliverance for Judah [Implicit] (21:12b-c)

12 The watchman said,
The morning cometh,
and also the night:

Cycle 9 - The Burden of Arabia (21:13-17)

a. Judgment - Captivity (21:13-17a)

     16 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: 17 And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished:

b. Blessing - Deliverance of Judah from its Oppressors [Implicit] (21:16b - 17b)

      Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: 17 And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished:

for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.

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