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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
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2018 December 20
Isaiah 28

Justice Between the Archangels Michael and Gabriel (1421)
Jacobello del Fiore (c. 1370 - 1439)
Italian Renaissance Style, Venetian School
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting symbolizes a key theme of the chapter -- Justice. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Isaiah 28 first of several prophecies focused mainly on Israel's Northern Kingdom - also called Ephraim (its chief tribe), or Samaria (its capital). The subject of this chapter is justice. The Jamieson, Fausset, & Brown Commentary says, "The twenty-eighth through thirty-third chapters form almost one continuous prophecy concerning the destruction of Ephraim, the impiety and folly of Judah, the danger of their league with Egypt, the straits they would be reduced to by Assyria, from which Jehovah would deliver them on their turning to Him; the twenty-eighth chapter refers to the time just before the sixth year of Hezekiah's reign [715-686 B.C.], the rest not very long before his fourteenth year."
     Chapter 28 sets forth a series of contrasts between those who pursue justice and those who reject it. The proud drunkards of Ephraim, says Isaiah, will be trodden under foot; their enemies will swallow the glory of their beauty quickly, like ripe figs (1-4).
     But, for those who remain with him ("the remnant"), the LORD will be their glory, their instructor of judgment, and their strength for battle (5-6).
     But wine has caused those who err in judgment to become filthy (7-8).
     Then comes a pivotal question: Who will learn judgment? The answer is that the young will learn, but gradually - "precept upon precept; line upon line; here a little, and there a little" (9-10).
     Yet, for those who would not listen, the LORD will speak to them by people of another tongue - "precept upon precept; line upon line; here a little, and there a little;" and they will be broken (11-13).
     Their covenant with death and their refuge of lies will fail; but the LORD will lay a cornerstone in Zion, will establish judgment and righteousness, and will sweep away the refuge of lies and the covenant with death; and the destruction of his enemies will come and continue coming - bringing vexation, discomfort, and consumption through the LORD's strange (uncustomary) work of judgment; and so the LORD warns them to listen (14-26).
     Therefore, just as the farmer learns his trade in a timely way, so the people who are facing judgment should learn their lesson in a timely fashion (27-29).

     [ Sermons: William Still. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Isaiah 28: Isaiah 24. Isaiah 25. Isaiah 26. Isaiah 27. Isaiah 28. Isaiah 29. Isaiah 30. Isaiah 31. Isaiah 32. Isaiah 33. Isaiah 34. Isaiah 35. ]
[1] Amos 6:4-6; Isaiah 22:13; Isaiah 29:9; Hosea 5:5; Hosea 6:10.
[2] Isaiah 8:7-8; Isaiah 25:4.
[3] 2 Kings 9:33.
[4] Hosea 9:10; Micah 7:1; Nahum 3:12.
[5] 2 Chronicles 30:11.
[6] Isaiah 11:2; 2 Samuel 11:23.
[7] Isaiah 2:11; Leviticus 10:1-9.
[8] Jeremiah 48:26.
[9] 2 Corinthians 10:10; 2 Corinthians 11:16-17.
[10] 2 Timothy 3:7; Hebrews 5:12.
[11] Isaiah 33:19; Deuteronomy 28:49; 1 Corinthians 14:21.
[12] Isaiah 30:15.
[13] Isaiah 8:14-15.
[14] Isaiah 29:20; Acts 13:41.
[15] Job 5:23; Hosea 2:18; Hosea 13:14; Revelation 20:13-14; Isaiah 8:7-8; Isaiah 10:24.
[16] 1 Kings 5:17; Psalm 118:22; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Peter 2:6-7; Luke 2:34-35; Luke 20:18; Isaiah 5:19.
[17] Revelation 21:16.
[18] Isaiah 8:10.
[19] Deuteronomy 28:66-67.
[20] Isaiah 57:12-13.
[21] 2 Samuel 5:20; 1 Chronicles 14:11; 1 Chronicles 14:16.
[22] Isaiah 10:23.
[23] Proverbs 2:1; Proverbs 4:1; Proverbs 5:1; Psalm 34:11; Matthew 16:2-4.
[24] Jeremiah 4:3.
[25] Exodus 9:31-32.
[26] Exodus 31:3-6.
[27] Micah 4:13; Habakkuk 3:12.
[28] Isaiah 21:10.
[29] Jeremiah 32:19; Romans 11:33.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Isaiah Detailed Outline

Isaiah 28

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1. Pre-Exile: The Judgment & Blessing Cycles (1:1 - 39:8) - 740-709 B.C., Israel
(These 2 groups of prophecies concentrate first on Judah & Jerusalem then on the Nations.)

C. Cycles of Prophecy for Judah and Jerusalem (24:1 - 35:10)
2. Cycle 2 - (28:1-29)
a. Judgment: On Ephraim (Israel) and Jerusalem (Judah) -- (28:1-15)

1 Woe to the crown of pride,
to the drunkards of Ephraim,
whose glorious beauty is a fading flower,
which are on the head of the fat valleys
of them that are overcome with wine!
2 Behold,
the Lord hath a mighty and strong one,
which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm,
as a flood of mighty waters overflowing,
shall cast down to the earth with the hand.
3 The crown of pride,
the drunkards of Ephraim,
shall be trodden under feet:
4 And the glorious beauty,
which is on the head of the fat valley,
shall be a fading flower,
and as the hasty fruit before the summer;
which when he that looketh< upon/a> it seeth,
while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

5 In that day shall the LORD of hosts be for a crown of glory,
and for a diadem of beauty,
unto the residue of his people,
6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment,
and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

7 But they also have erred through wine,
and through strong drink are out of the way;
the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink,
they are swallowed up of wine,
they are out of the way through strong drink;
they err in vision,
they stumble in judgment.
8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness,
so that there is no place clean.

9 [This]-Whom shall he teach knowledge?
and[this]-whom shall he make to understand doctrine?
them that are weaned from the milk,
and drawn from the breasts.
10 For precept must be upon precept,
precept upon precept;
line upon line,
line upon line;
here a little,
and there a little:

11 For with stammering lips and another tongue
will he speak to this people.
12 To whom he said,
This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest;
and this is the refreshing:
yet they would not hear.
13 But the word of the LORD was unto them
precept upon precept,
precept upon precept;
line upon line,
line upon line;
here a little,
and there a little;
that they might go,
and fall backward,
and be broken,
and snared,
and taken.

14 Wherefore hear the word of the LORD,
ye scornful men,
that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.
15 Because ye have said,
We have made a covenant with death,
and with hell are we at agreement;
when the overflowing scourge shall pass through,
it shall not come unto us:
for we have made lies our refuge,
and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

b. Blessing: The Cornerstone for Believers (28:16)

3. Cycle 3 - (28:17 - 29:24)
a. Judgment: On the Whole Land, Including Jerusalem (28:17 - 29:16)

17 Judgment also will I lay to the line,
and righteousness to the plummet:
and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies,
and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.
18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled,
and your agreement with hell shall not stand;
when the overflowing scourge shall pass through,
then ye shall be trodden down by it.
19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you:
for morning by morning shall it pass over,
by day and by night:
and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.
20 For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it:
and the coverering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.
21 For the LORD shall rise up
as in mount Perazim,
he shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon,
that he may do his work,
his strange work;
and bring to pass his act,
his strange act.
22 Now therefore be ye not mockers,
lest your bands be made strong:
for I have heard from [this] the Lord GOD of hosts
a consumption,
even determined upon the whole earth.
23 Give ye ear,
and hear my voice;
and hear my speech.
24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow?
doth he open and break the clods of his ground?
25 When he hath made plain the face thereof,
doth he not cast abroad the fitches,
and scatter the cummin,
and cast in the principal wheat
and the appointed barley
and the rie
in their place?
26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion,
and doth teach him.
27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument,
neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin;
but the fitches are beaten out with a staff,
and the cummin with a rod.
28 Bread corn is bruised;
because he will not ever be threshing it,
nor break it with the wheel of his cart,
nor bruise it with his horsemen.
29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts,
which is wonderful in counsel,
and excellent in working.

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