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2019 March 19
Jeremiah 51

The Battle of Taillebourg (draft) - (1834-1835)
Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)
Romanticism Style
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts the death and destruction of battle -- things which would soon come upon Babylon. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Jeremiah 51, the LORD says he will send a destroying wind against those in Babylon who rise up against him; he will send the Medes and Persians to fan them like chaff being separated from the grain; the defenders will be destroyed; the slain will lie in the streets; these things will happen because the LORD has not forsaken his people in spite of their sin; so the LORD tells his hearers to flee (1-6).
     Babylon had been like a golden cup in the LORD's hand by which he made the nations drunk; but Babylon is going to fall and be destroyed with no one to heal her, so they will forsake her; but his people will be justified (7-10).
     So the LORD tells the Medes to prepare for war against the Babylonians (11).
     The LORD then tells Babylon to do their best to prepare for invasion because their end has come and they will be filled with invaders as numerous as caterpillars (12-14).
     The LORD asserts his power and wisdom by which he created all things and by which he controls the weather; he notes that everyone is brutish in comparison to him, and that is the reason they are confounded by their trust in idols; but he is Israel's portion and their inheritance (15-19).
     To Israel he said that they were his weapon of war, and he would break the nations through them (20-23).
     And he would repay Babylon and Chaldea for the evil they did to his people (24).
     He would turn Babylon, the destroying mountain, into a burnt mountain which will be desolate forever (25-26).
     He calls the nations, led by the Medes, to gather against her; they will tremble and hide; the city will burn; and they will be threshed (27-33).
     Then Israel, personified, complains about its treatment at the hand of the Babylonians who crushed them, emptied them, swallowed them up, cast them out, did violence to them, and spilled their blood; therefore, says the LORD, he will plead their cause and take vengeance for them by drying up their waters, making them desolate, making them roar with pain, and bringing them to slaughter (34-40).
     Babylon's ruin will surprise them, as if the sea came in upon them, and the land will be a desolate, dry wilderness where no one dwells and no one passes by; and their god Bel will be punished, and he will vomit that which he has swallowed; the nations will not come to it again, and its wall will fall (41-44).
     The LORD tells his people to leave her and escape the LORD's wrath lest they faint when they hear the rumors of violence which will come year by year (45-46).
     For the days of judgment will come upon Babylon's idols; the spoilers will rejoice; and what was done to Israel will be done to Babylon (47-49).
     The LORD tells those who escaped the sword to remember Jerusalem, and they reply by mentioning their reproach and shame and the way strangers have defiled the LORD's house (50-51).
     And the LORD replies that the whole land of Babylon will groan when he judges their idols and pulls her down from her heights (52-53).
     When great destruction overtakes them, they will cry with a great voice; they will be broken and slaughtered and sleep a perpetual sleep (54-57).
     Their broad walls and high gates will be broken; their labor will be given to the fire, and they will be weary trying to extinguish it (58).
     After these prophecies comes the surprising historical postlude: Jeremiah sends to Babylon, by the hand of Baruch's brother, Seraiah, a scroll with the prophecies against Babylon; and he tells him to read it there (presumably to the exiles), bind a stone to it, and cast it into the Euphrates as a symbol that Babylon will sink and not rise, and their strength will fail. The words of Jeremiah end here, so chapter 52 may have been an addition by Seraiah or Baruch (59-64).

     [ Sermons: Stuart Olyott. William Still. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Jeremiah 51: Jeremiah 46. Jeremiah 47. Jeremiah 48. Jeremiah 49. Jeremiah 50. Jeremiah 51. Jeremiah 52. ]
[1] Haggai 1:14; Ezra 1:1; Ezra 1:5; 1 Chronicles 5:26; Jeremiah 25:26.
[2] Psalm 1:4; Psalm 35:5; Isaiah 17:13; Isaiah 29:5.
[3] Jeremiah 46:4.
[4] Jeremiah 49:26.
[5] Isaiah 50:1; Isaiah 54:4-6; Lamentations 1:1; Jeremiah 3:4; Jeremiah 3:14; Jeremiah 3:20; Jeremiah 4:1; Jeremiah 50:29.
[6] Jeremiah 50:8; Revelation 18:4.
[7] Revelation 14:8; Revelation 17:4.
[8] Isaiah 21:9; Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 46:11; Jeremiah 29:7.
[9] Revelation 18:5; Daniel 4:20; Genesis 11:4.
[10] Isaiah 62:1; Judges 5:11.
[11] Song of Solomon 4:4; Ezekiel 27:11; 2 Kings 11:10; Isaiah 21:5.
[12] Joshua 8:14-16; Judges 20:33-35.
[13] Revelation 17:1, 15; Jeremiah 50:37.
[14] Jeremiah 49:13; Amos 6:8; Hebrews 6:13; Nahum 3:15; Jeremiah 25:30; Isaiah 63:2-3.
[15] Jeremiah 10:12-16.
[16] Psalm 18:13.
[17] Jeremiah 10:14.
[18] Jeremiah 10:8, 15.
[19] Jeremiah 10:16.
[20] Jeremiah 50:23.
[21] Jeremiah 50:37.
[22] Jeremiah 6:11; Ezekiel 9:6.
[23] 2 Kings 23:13; Ezekiel 1:3.
[24] Jeremiah 50:15-18, 28-29, 33-34.
[25] Jeremiah 50:31.
[26] Isaiah 13:19-22.
[27] Jeremiah 22:24-30; Isaiah 37:38; Psalm 45:9; Genesis 10:3; Nahum 3:17.
[28] Isaiah 13:17; Daniel 5:28-30.
[29] Jeremiah 8:16; Jeremiah 50:13, 39-40, 45.
[30] Jeremiah 50:24.
[31] Daniel 5:1-30.
[32] Jeremiah 50:38.
[33] Psalm 1:4; Isaiah 21:10; Isaiah 28:27-28; Micah 4:13.
[34] Isaiah 27:1; Isaiah 51:9; Ezekiel 29:3; Genesis 49:20.
[35] Jeremiah 50:29.
[36] Isaiah 21:1; Revelation 16:12.
[37] Jeremiah 9:11; Jeremiah 19:8; Jeremiah 25:9; Jeremiah 25:18; Jeremiah 10:22.
[38] Amos 3:4.
[39] Hosea 7:4-7; Jeremiah 25:16-17.
[40] Jeremiah 48:15; Jeremiah 50:27; Isaiah 34:6; Ezekiel 39:18.
[41] Jeremiah 25:26.
[42] Jeremiah 46:7; Isaiah 8:7-8; Isaiah 17:12.
[43] Jeremiah 50:39-40.
[44] Jeremiah 50:2; Daniel 5:2; Ezra 1:7; Jeremiah 50:15.
[45] Jeremiah 50:8; Revelation 18:4.
[46] Daniel 5:1; Matthew 24:6-7; Luke 21:9.
[47] Jeremiah 7:32; Jeremiah 16:14; Psalm 69:26; Job 24:12.
[48] Isaiah 44:23.
[49] Jeremiah 50:11, 17-18, 29, 33-34.
[50] Jeremiah 50:4-5; Psalm 137:5-6.
[51] Lamentations 1:10; Lamentations 2:7; Lamentations 4:12.
[52] Jeremiah 50:38.
[53] Genesis 11:4; Daniel 4:30.
[54] Jeremiah 50:22, 27, 43, 46.
[55] Jeremiah 50:10-15.
[56] Jeremiah 23:6.
[57] Jeremiah 25:27.
[58] Jeremiah 50:15; Habakkuk 2:13.
[59] Jeremiah 32:13; Jeremiah 27:1-13.
[60-61] Jeremiah 30:2-3; Jeremiah 36:2-4, 32.
[62] Jeremiah 50:3; Jeremiah 50:39.
[63] Jeremiah 13:1-7; Jeremiah 19:10; Jeremiah 27:2; Revelation 18:21.
[64] Jeremiah 51:58.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Jeremiah Detailed Outline

Jeremiah 51

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1. Prophecies for Judah + Jerusalem's Fall & the Aftermath (1:1 - 45:5) - 627 - 560 B.C., Israel

2. Prophecies about Foreign Nations + Jerusalem's Fall & the Aftermath (46:1 - 52:34) 627 - 560 B.C., Israel

A. Foreign Nations (46 - 51)

9). Babylon (Continued): Destruction for Babylon, but Deliverance for Israel (50 - 51)

1 Thus saith the LORD;
I will raise up against Babylon,
and against them that dwell in the midst of them that rise up against me,
a destroying wind;
2 And will send unto Babylon fanners,
that shall fan her,
and shall empty [this] her land:
for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.
3 Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow,
and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine:
and spare ye not her young men;
destroy ye utterly all her host.
4 Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans,
and they that are thrust through in her streets.
5 For Israel hath not been forsaken,
nor Judah of his God,
of the LORD of hosts;
though their land was filled with sin
against the Holy One of Israel.

6 Flee out of the midst of Babylon,
and deliver every man his soul:
be not cut off in her iniquity;
for this is the time of the LORD'S vengeance;
he will render unto her a recompence.
7 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD'S hand,
that made all the earth drunken:
the nations have drunken of her wine;
therefore the nations are mad.
8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed:
howl for her;
take balm for her pain,
if so be she may be healed.
9 We would have healed [this] Babylon,
but she is not healed:
forsake her,
and let us go every one into his own country:
for her judgment reacheth unto heaven,
and is lifted up even to the skies.
10 The LORD hath brought forth [this] our righteousness:
and let us declare in Zion [this]
the work of the LORD our God.

     the LORD hath raised up [this] the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

12 Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon,
make the watch strong,
set up the watchmen,
prepare the ambushes:
for the LORD hath both devised and done [this]
that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon.
13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters,
abundant in treasures,
thine end is come,
and the measure of thy covetousness.
14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by himself [in his soul],
Surely [Certainly yet] I will fill thee with men,
as with caterpillers;
and they shall lift up a shout against thee.

15 He hath made the earth by his power,
he hath established the world by his wisdom,
and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding.
16 When he uttereth his voice,
there is a multitude of waters in the heavens;
and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth:
he maketh lightnings with rain,
and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge;
every founder is confounded by the graven image:
for his molten image is falsehood,
and there is no breath in them.
18 They are vanity,
the work of errors:
in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
19 The portion of Jacob is not like them;
for he is the former of all things:
and Israel is the rod of his inheritance:
the LORD of hosts is his name.

20 Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war:
for with thee will I break in pieces the nations,
and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;
21 And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider;
and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider;
22 With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman;
and with thee will I break in pieces old and young;
and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid;
23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock;
and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen;
and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers.

     24 And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea [this] all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.

25 Behold,
I am against thee,
O destroying mountain,
saith the LORD,
which destroyest [this]
all the earth:
and I will stretch out [this]
mine hand upon thee,
and roll thee down from the rocks,
and will make thee a burnt mountain.
26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner,
nor a stone for foundations;
but thou shalt be desolate for ever,
saith the LORD.

27 Set ye up a standard in the land,
blow the trumpet among the nations,
prepare the nations against her,
call together against her the kingdoms of
and Ashchenaz;
appoint a captain against her;
cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers.
28 Prepare against her [this] the nations
with the kings of the Medes,
[this] the captains thereof,
and all the rulers thereof,
and all the land of his dominion.
29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow:
for every purpose of the LORD
shall be performed against Babylon,
to make [this] the land of Babylon
a desolation without an inhabitant.
30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight,
they have remained in their holds:
their might hath failed;
they became as women:
they have burned her dwellingplaces;
her bars are broken.
31 One post shall run to meet another,
and one messenger to meet another,
to shew the king of Babylon
that his city is taken at one end,
32 And that the passages are stopped,
and the reeds they have burned with fire,
and the men of war are affrighted.
33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts,
the God of Israel;
The daughter of Babylon
is like a threshingfloor,
it is time to thresh her:
yet a little while,
and the
time of her harvest shall come.

34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon
hath devoured me,
he hath crushed me,
he hath made me an empty vessel,
he hath swallowed me up like a dragon,
he hath filled his belly with my delicates,
he hath cast me out.
35 The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,
shall the inhabitant of Zion say;
and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,
shall Jerusalem say.
36 Therefore thus saith the LORD;
I will plead [this]
thy cause,
and take vengeance [and I avenge this your vengeance] for thee;
and I will dry up [this]
her sea,
and make [this]
her springs dry.
37 And Babylon shall become heaps,
a dwellingplace for dragons,
an astonishment,
and an hissing,
without an inhabitant.
38 They shall roar together like lions:
they shall yell as lions' whelps.
39 In their heat I will make [this]
their feasts,
and I will make them drunken,
that they may rejoice,
and sleep a perpetual sleep,
and not wake,
saith the LORD.
40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter,
like rams with he goats.

41 How is Sheshach taken!
and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised!
how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!
42 The sea is come up upon Babylon:
she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.
43 Her cities are a desolation,
a dry land,
and a wilderness,
a land wherein no man dwelleth,
neither doth any son of man pass thereby.
44 And I will punish [And I will visit upon] Bel in Babylon,
and I will bring forth out of his mouth [this]
that which he hath swallowed up:
and the
nations shall not flow together any more unto him:
the wall of Babylon shall fall.

45 My people, go ye out of the midst of her,
and deliver ye every man [this]
his soul
from the fierce anger of the LORD.
46 And lest your heart faint,
and ye fear for the rumour that shall be heard in the land;
a rumour shall both come one year,
and after that in another year shall come a rumour,
and violence in the land,
ruler against ruler.

47 Therefore, behold,
the days come,
that I will do judgment
upon the graven images of Babylon:
and her whole land shall be confounded,
and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.
48 Then the heaven and the earth,
and all that is therein,
shall sing for Babylon:
for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north,
saith the LORD.
49 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall,
so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.

52 Wherefore, behold,
the days come,
saith the LORD,
that I will do judgment upon her graven images:
and through all her land the wounded shall groan.
53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven,
and though she should fortify the height of her strength,
yet from me shall spoilers come unto her,
saith the LORD.

54 A sound of a cry cometh from Babylon,
and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans:
55 Because the LORD hath spoiled [this] Babylon,
and destroyed out of her the great voice;
when her waves do roar like great waters,
a noise of their voice is uttered:
56 Because the spoiler is come upon her,
even upon Babylon,
and her mighty men are taken,
every one of their bows is broken:
for the LORD God of recompences
shall surely requite [repaying he shall repay].
57 And I will make drunk her princes,
and her wise men,
her captains,
and her rulers,
and her mighty men:
and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep,
and not wake,
saith the King,
whose name is the LORD of hosts.

58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts;
The broad walls of Babylon
shall be utterly broken [stripped they shall be stripped],
and her high gates shall be burned with fire;
and the people shall labour in vain,
and the folk in the fire,
and they shall be weary.

     59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded [this] Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And this Seraiah was a quiet prince. 60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book [this] all the evil that should come upon Babylon, even [this] all these words that are written against Babylon. 61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, When thou comest to Babylon, and shalt see, and shalt read [this] all these words; 62 Then shalt thou say, O LORD, thou hast spoken against this place, to cut it off, that none shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate for ever. 63 And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading [this] -- [this] book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates: 64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from [from the face of] the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary.

     Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

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