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plus an explanation with links

2019 April 10
Ezekiel 16

The Bride (or The Beloved) - (1865)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)
Pre-Raphaelite Style
Tate Gallery, London, England, United Kingdom
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts a woman who is a beloved or a bride, a symbol of God's beloved bride, Israel. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Ezekiel 16, the LORD compares Jerusalem (representing the nation of Israel) to a child he rescued in infancy and married when she came of age (1-14).
     Yet, in spite of all the gifts and kindnesses the LORD bestowed upon her, she was unfaithful (15-19).
     Moreover, in contrast to how she was rescued in her infancy, she was supremely cruel to her sons and daughters, sacrificing them to idols (20-21).
     So, in payment for her covenant breaking by spiritual adultery and by murder, she will be destroyed (22-59).
     Nevertheless, The LORD will bring her into an everlasting covenant when he convicts her of her sin (60-63).

     [ Sermons: Derek Thomas. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Ezekiel 16: Ezekiel 13. Ezekiel 14. Ezekiel 15. Ezekiel 16. Ezekiel 17. Ezekiel 18. Ezekiel 19. Ezekiel 20. Ezekiel 21. Ezekiel 22. Ezekiel 23. ]
[1-2] Ezekiel 20:4; Ezekiel 22:2; Ezekiel 23:36; Ezekiel 33:7-9; Isaiah 58:1; Hosea 8:1; Ezekiel 8:9-17; John 8:44; Matthew 3:9; Isaiah 1:10; Isaiah 51:1-2; Genesis 15:16; Deuteronomy 1:44; Numbers 14:45; Joshua 10:5; 2 Kings 21:11; Genesis 26:34-35; Genesis 27:46; Genesis 28:1; Genesis 28:6-8.
[3] Deuteronomy 20:17; Ezra 9:1; Ezekiel 21:30; Joshua 24:14; 2 Kings 21:11.
[4] Ezekiel 20:8, 13; Nehemiah 9:7-9; Hosea 2:3; Luke 2:7.
[5] Isaiah 49:15; Lamentations 2:11, 19.
[6] Exodus 2:24-25; Exodus 3:7-8; Ezekiel 20:5-10.
[7] Exodus 1:7; Deuteronomy 1:10.
[8] Ruth 3:9; Ruth 4:10.
[9] Esther 2:9; Esther 2:12.
[10] Exodus 25:5.
[11] Numbers 31:50; Hosea 2:13.
[12-13] Psalm 45:13-14; Psalm 50:2; Deuteronomy 32:13-14.
[14] Deuteronomy 4:6-8, 32-38.
[15] Deuteronomy 32:15; Hosea 13:6.
[16] Ezekiel 7:20.
[17] Exodus 32:1-4; Hosea 2:13; Jeremiah 3:9.
[18] Ezekiel 16:10.
[19] Hosea 2:8-13.
[20] Exodus 13:2, 12.
[21] Psalm 106:37; Leviticus 18:21; Leviticus 20:1-5; Deuteronomy 18:10.
[22] Jeremiah 2:2.
[23] Jeremiah 13:27.
[24] Leviticus 26:30; Ezekiel 20:28-29.
[25] Jeremiah 3:2; Proverbs 9:14-15.
[26] Ezekiel 20:7-8; Ezekiel 8:10, 14; 1 Kings 12:28-30.
[27] 2 Chronicles 26:7; 2 Chronicles 28:18; Jeremiah 25:20; Jeremiah 47:1; Jeremiah 47:4; Ezekiel 25:15-16; Zechariah 9:6; Isaiah 9:12, 17.
[28] Ezekiel 23:5-9, 12.
[29] Isaiah 23:8; Hosea 12:7; Zephaniah 1:11; Ezekiel 17:4.
[30] Proverbs 9:13.
[31] Hosea 12:11; Isaiah 52:3.
[32] Ezekiel 23:37, 45; Jeremiah 3:1, 8-9; 2 Corinthians 11:2-3.
[33] 2 Kings 16:8-9; Deuteronomy 23:17-18; Joel 3:3.
[34-35] Isaiah 1:21; Hosea 2:5.
[36] Ezekiel 23:8; Ezekiel 24:13.
[37] 2 Kings 16:6; 2 Chronicles 28:17-18.
[38] Leviticus 20:10; Leviticus 20:1-5; Exodus 21:12; Leviticus 20:2; John 8:5; Deuteronomy 13:15.
[39] Ezekiel 7:22-24; Isaiah 27:9.
[40] Habakkuk 1:6-10; Ezekiel 23:10, 47.
[41] Deuteronomy 13:16; Micah 3:12; 2 Kings 25:9; Jeremiah 39:8; Jeremiah 52:13.
[42] Ezekiel 5:13; Isaiah 54:9-10.
[43] Leviticus 19:29; 2 Kings 19:27-28; Isaiah 37:28-29.
[44] Psalm 78:42; Psalm 106:13; Jeremiah 2:32.
[45] Ezekiel 23:37-39.
[46] Ezekiel 23:4, 11, 31-33.
[47] Ezekiel 5:6-7; Ezekiel 8:17.
[48] Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:24; Luke 10:12; Acts 7:52.
[49] Proverbs 21:4; Isaiah 3:9.
[50] Genesis 18:20-21; Lamentations 4:6.
[51] Jeremiah 3:8-11.
[52] Ezekiel 36:6-7, 15, 31-32; Jeremiah 51:51.
[53] Ezekiel 29:14; Isaiah 1:9.
[54] Ezekiel 36:31-32.
[55] Ezekiel 36:11.
[56] Isaiah 65:5; Zephaniah 3:11.
[57] 2 Kings 15:37; 2 Chronicles 28:18-19.
[58] Ezekiel 23:49.
[59] John 9:39; John 9:41; John 15:22; John 15:24.
[60] Leviticus 26:42-45; Luke 1:54-55; Luke 1:72-73; Jeremiah 31:31-34.
[61] Ezekiel 20:43; Ezekiel 36:31-32.
[62] Ezekiel 11:19; Ezekiel 18:31; Jeremiah 24:7; Jeremiah 31:31-34; Joel 3:17.
[63] Ezekiel 36:31-32.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Ezekiel Detailed Outline

Ezekiel 16

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1. Before the Siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 1:1 - Ezekiel 23:49) - 593 - 586 B.C. Babylon

F. The Judgments Motif (Continued) (13:1 - 23:49)

3). The Allegories (Continued) (15:1 - 23:49)

b). Jerusalem the Prostitute (16:1-63)

     1 Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 2 Son of man, cause [this] Jerusalem to know [this] her abominations,

     3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of Canaan; thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite. 4 And as for thy nativity, in the day thou wast born thy navel was not cut, neither wast thou washed in water to supple thee; thou wast not salted at all [rubbing you were rubbed], nor swaddled at all [swathed you were not swathed]. 5 None eye pitied thee [covered over you], to do any of these unto thee, to have compassion upon thee; but thou wast cast out in the open field, to the lothing of thy person, in the day that thou wast born.

     6 And when I passed by thee, and saw thee polluted in thine own blood, I said unto thee when thou wast in thy blood, Live; yea, I said unto thee when thou wast in thy blood, Live. 7 I have caused thee to multiply as the bud of the field, and thou hast increased and waxen great, and thou art come to excellent ornaments [in ornament of ornaments]: thy breasts are fashioned, and thine hair is grown, whereas thou wast naked and bare.

     8 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time was the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.

     9 Then washed I thee with water; yea, I throughly washed away thy blood from thee, and I anointed thee with oil. 10 I clothed thee also with broidered work, and shod thee with badgers' skin, and I girded thee about with fine linen, and I covered thee with silk. 11 I decked thee also with ornaments, and I put bracelets upon thy hands, and a chain on thy neck. 12 And I put a jewel on thy forehead, and earrings in thine ears, and a beautiful crown upon thine head.

     13 Thus wast thou decked with gold and silver; and thy raiment was of fine linen, and silk, and broidered work; thou didst eat fine flour, and honey, and oil: and thou wast exceeding beautiful, [and you are bright exceedingly exceedingly], and thou didst prosper into a kingdom. 14 And thy renown went forth among the heathen for thy beauty: for it was perfect through my comeliness, which I had put upon thee, saith the Lord GOD.

     15 But thou didst trust in thine own beauty, and playedst the harlot because of thy renown, and pouredst out [this] thy fornications on every one that passed by; his it was. 16 And of thy garments thou didst take, and deckedst thy high places with divers colours, and playedst the harlot thereupon: the like things shall not come, neither shall it be so.

     17 Thou hast also taken thy fair jewels of my gold and of my silver, which I had given thee, and madest to thyself images of men, and didst commit whoredom with them, 18 And tookest [this] thy broidered garments, and coveredst them: and thou hast set mine oil and mine incense before them. 19 My meat also which I gave thee, fine flour, and oil, and honey, wherewith I fed thee, thou hast even set it before them for a sweet savour: and thus it was, saith the Lord GOD.

     20 Moreover thou hast taken [this] thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto me, and these hast thou sacrificed unto them to be devoured. Is this of thy whoredoms a small matter, 21 That thou hast slain [this] my children, and delivered them to cause them to pass through the fire for them?

     22 And in all thine abominations and thy whoredoms thou hast not remembered [this] the days of thy youth, when thou wast naked and bare, and wast polluted in thy blood.

     23 And it came to pass after all thy wickedness, (woe, woe unto thee! saith the Lord GOD;) 24 That thou hast also built unto thee an eminent place, and hast made thee an high place in every street. 25 Thou hast built thy high place at every head of the way, and hast made [this] thy beauty to be abhorred, and hast opened [this] thy feet to every one that passed by, and multiplied [this] thy whoredoms.

     26 Thou hast also committed fornication with the Egyptians thy neighbours, great of flesh; and hast increased [this] thy whoredoms, to provoke me to anger. 27 Behold, therefore I have stretched out my hand over thee, and have diminished thine ordinary food, and delivered thee unto the will of them that hate thee, the daughters of the Philistines, which are ashamed of thy lewd way.

     28 Thou hast played the whore also with the Assyrians, because thou wast unsatiable [not are you satisfied]; yea, thou hast played the harlot with them, and yet couldest not be satisfied. 29 Thou hast moreover multiplied [this] thy fornication in the land of Canaan unto Chaldea; and yet thou wast not satisfied herewith.

     30 How weak is thine heart, saith the Lord GOD, seeing thou doest [this] -- all these things, the work of an imperious whorish woman; 31 In that thou buildest thine eminent place in the head of every way, and makest thine high place in every street; and hast not been as an harlot, in that thou scornest hire;

     32 But as a wife that committeth adultery, which taketh [this] -- strangers instead of her husband! 33 They give gifts to all whores: but thou givest [this] thy gifts to all thy lovers, and hirest them, that they may come unto thee on every side for thy whoredom. 34 And the contrary is in thee from other women in thy whoredoms, whereas none followeth thee to commit whoredoms: and in that thou givest a reward, and no reward is given unto thee, therefore thou art contrary.

     35 Wherefore, O harlot, hear the word of the LORD: 36 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thy filthiness was poured out, and thy nakedness discovered through thy whoredoms with thy lovers, and with all the idols of thy abominations, and by the blood of thy children, which thou didst give unto them;

     37 Behold, therefore I will gather [this] all thy lovers, with whom thou hast taken pleasure, and all them that thou hast loved, with all them that thou hast hated; I will even gather them round about against thee, and will discover thy nakedness unto them, that they may see [this] -- all thy nakedness. 38 And I will judge thee, as women that break wedlock and shed blood are judged; and I will give thee blood in fury and jealousy.

     39 And I will also give thee into their hand, and they shall throw down thine eminent place, and shall break down thy high places: they shall strip thee also of thy clothes, and shall take thy fair jewels, and leave thee naked and bare.

     40 They shall also bring up a company against thee, and they shall stone thee with stones, and thrust thee through with their swords. 41 And they shall burn thine houses with fire, and execute judgments upon thee in the sight of many women: and I will cause thee to cease from playing the harlot, and thou also shalt give no hire any more. 42 So will I make my fury toward thee to rest, and my jealousy shall depart from thee, and I will be quiet, and will be no more angry.

     43 Because thou hast not remembered [this] the days of thy youth, but hast fretted me in all these things; behold, therefore I also will recompense thy way upon thine head, saith the Lord GOD: and thou shalt not commit [this] -- this lewdness above all thine abominations.

     44 Behold, every one that useth proverbs shall use this proverb against thee, saying, As is the mother, so is her daughter.

     45 Thou art thy mother's daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children; and thou art the sister of thy sisters, which lothed their husbands and their children: your mother was an Hittite, and your father an Amorite. 46 And thine elder sister is Samaria, she and her daughters that dwell at thy left hand: and thy younger sister, that dwelleth at thy right hand, is Sodom and her daughters. 47 Yet hast thou not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as if that were a very little thing, thou wast corrupted more than they in all thy ways.

     48 As I live, saith the Lord GOD, Sodom thy sister hath not done, she nor her daughters, as thou hast done, thou and thy daughters.

     49 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. 50 And they were haughty, and committed abomination before me: therefore I took them away [and I removed them] as I saw good.

     51 Neither hath Samaria committed half of thy sins; but thou hast multiplied [this] thine abominations more than they, and hast justified [this] thy sisters in all thine abominations which thou hast done. 52 Thou also, which hast judged thy sisters, bear thine own shame for thy sins that thou hast committed more abominable than they: they are more righteous than thou: yea, be thou confounded also, and bear thy shame, in that thou hast justified thy sisters.

     53 When I shall bring again [this] their captiviy, [this] the captiviy of Sodom and her daughters, and the captiviy of Samaria and her daughters, then will I bring again the captiviy of thy captives in the midst of them: 54 That thou mayest bear thine own shame, and mayest be confounded in all that thou hast done, in that thou art a comfort unto them. 55 When thy sisters, Sodom and her daughters, shall return to their former estate, and Samaria and her daughters shall return to their former estate, then thou and thy daughters shall return to your former estate.

     56 For thy sister Sodom was not mentioned by thy mouth in the day of thy pride, 57 Before thy wickedness was discovered, as at the time of thy reproach of the daughters of Syria, and all that are round about her, the daughters of the Philistines, which despise thee round about. 58 Thou hast borne [this] thy lewdness and thine abominations, saith the LORD.

     59 For thus saith the Lord GOD; I will even deal with thee as thou hast done, which hast despised the oath in breaking the covenant.

     60 Nevertheless I will remember [this] my covenant with thee in the days of thy youth, and I will establish unto thee an everlasting covenant. 61 Then thou shalt remember [this] thy ways, and be ashamed, when thou shalt receive [this] thy sisters, thine elder and thy younger: and I will give them unto thee for daughters, but not by thy covenant. 62 And I will establish my covenant with thee; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD:

     63 That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of [from the face of] thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.

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