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2019 May 3
Ezekiel 39

God's Judgment Upon Gog (c. 1851-1852)
Asher B. Durand (1796-1886)
Romanticism Style, Hudson River School
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Image Source: Wikimedia

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts the birds and beasts coming to devour the slain, as in verse 4 of today's chapter. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Ezekiel 39, the LORD continues his pronouncement of judgments upon "Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal" (v. 1). The birds and beasts will devour them; likewise, many other dire calamities will befall them. So many of them will die that it will take seven months to bury them; but blessing will come upon Jacob (Israel). Israel will be regathered from exile, and the LORD will dwell among them.
     A WORD ON INTERPRETATION: Commentators differ about the interpretation of Ezekiel 38 and 39. Is it literal or symbolic? The choice seems to me to be too narrow. The passage appears to have both literal and symbolic/typical/spiritual components, as do many Scriptural prophecies.
     For example, 39:25 says that the LORD will bring Israel out of captivity. That was fulfilled literally when Cyrus sent Israel back from Exile in 539 B.C. On the other hand, the LORD promised in 39:29, to pour out his Spirit upon Israel. Combining, this prophecy with the prophecy of return from Exile in the same chapter and in the same context, one might expect an outpouring of the Spirit upon the returned Exiles. No such outpouring is recorded. However, the promise of an outpouring of the Spirit in this and similar prophecies in Zechariah 12:10 and Joel 2:28-29 were fulfilled (at least in part and in kind) in Acts 2:17. So the fulfillment is symbolic/typical/spiritual.
     It seems best, in light of such considerations, to understand Ezekiel's prophecy as one which reveals a world-wide working of God to advance his kingdom through the ages, leading to a new heavens and a new earth. The reason certain prophecies seem to have multiple, partial fulfillments is that they reveal typical ways in which God acts in history. They are, therefore, not always limited to a single time or to a single event. God, from the beginning, has a complex, irresistible plan, which manifests itself sometimes in discrete events, sometimes in repeated ways of doing things -- sometimes literally, sometimes symbolically/typically/spiritually. The trouble with our theories is that we do not take adequate account of these factors.

     [ Sermons: Barnes Commentary. JFB Commentary. Ligonier. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Ezekiel 39: Ezekiel 33. Ezekiel 34. Ezekiel 35. Ezekiel 36. Ezekiel 37. Ezekiel 38. Ezekiel 39. Ezekiel 40. Ezekiel 41. Ezekiel 42. Ezekiel 43. Ezekiel 44. Ezekiel 45. Ezekiel 46. Ezekiel 47. Ezekiel 48. ]
[1] Ezekiel 38:2; Ezekiel 38:3.
[2] Ezekiel 38:4; Ezekiel 38:15-16; Ezekiel 38:12; Ezekiel 38:22.
[3] Ezekiel 38:5.
[4] Deuteronomy 28:26; Jeremiah 16:4; Psalm 79:2.
[5] Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 29:5.
[6] Ezekiel 38:1-2; Revelation 20:9.
[7] Ezekiel 38:16; Ezekiel 38:23.
[8] Ezekiel 38:17; 2 Peter 3:10-13.
[9] Numbers 19:11-13; Psalm 68:12; Ezekiel 38:4.
[10] Isaiah 2:4.
[11] Revelation 19:20; Genesis 37:17; Genesis 37:25.
[12] Numbers 19:16.
[13] Jeremiah 33:9; Zephaniah 3:19-20.
[14] Ephesians 5:26-27.
[15] Luke 11:44.
[16] Revelation 21:27; Ezekiel 29:5.
[17] Revelation 19:17; Isaiah 34:6; Jeremiah 46:10.
[18] Revelation 19:17-18.
[19] Isaiah 34:7.
[20] 1 Corinthians 10:21; Revelation 19:18.
[21] Revelation 11:14.
[22] Ezekiel 28:26.
[23] John 11:48.
[24] Matthew 12:39.
[25] Romans 11:25-26; Hosea 1:11.
[26] Ezra 9:6; Psalm 32:11; Ezekiel 20:43; Ezekiel 36:31.
[27] Daniel 11:33.
[28] Hosea 3:4-5.
[29] Acts 2:17; Zechariah 12:10; Joel 2:28-29; Ezekiel 36:25-29; 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:14; Philippians 1:6.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Ezekiel Detailed Outline

Ezekiel 39

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

3. After the Siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 33:1 - Ezekiel 48:35) - 586-570 B.C. Babylon

D. The Return Motif (37:1 - 48:35)

2). Destruction of Gog: Invasion Fails - (Continued) - (38:1 - 39:29)

     1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal: 2 And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel: 3 And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.

     4 Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. 5 Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.

     6 And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD. 7 So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute [this] my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel. 8 Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken.

     9 And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the handstaves [stick of hand], and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years: 10 So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil [this] those that spoiled them, and rob [this] those that robbed them, saith the Lord GOD.

     11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea: and it shall stop [this] the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury [this] Gog and all his multitude: and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog. 12 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse [this] the land. 13 Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord GOD.

     14 And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with [this] the passengers [this] those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search. 15 And the passengers that pass through the land, when any seeth a man's bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamongog. 16 And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.

     17 And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. 18 Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan. 19 And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you. 20 Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.

     21 And I will set [this] my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see [this] my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them. 22 So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward. 23 And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captiviy for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword. 24 According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions have I done unto them, and hid my face from them.

     25 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again [this] the captiviy of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name; 26 After that they have borne [this] their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid. 27 When I have bought them again from [this] the people, and gathered them out of their enemies' lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations; 28 Then shall they know that I am the LORD their God, which caused them to be led into captiviy among the heathen: but I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left none of them any more there. 29 Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my [this] spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.

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