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2019 May 10
Ezekiel 46

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Image 1: Aaron Offering Sacrifices (1450-1485)
Workshop of the Master of the Echevinage de Rouen ( fl. 1457-1480 )
Northern Renaissance Style
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
In Memoirs of Scipio (Scipione) de Ricci (Volume 2);
p. 2115, no. 2; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Leaves of Gold, cat. no. 7, pp. 40-43
Image Source: University of California Berkeley


Image 2: The Temple of Solomon (1728)
Isaac Newton ( 1642 - 1626/1627 )
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Bibliographic Record Number 39002041693491. Image ID Number 4169349
Image Credit: Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

     [ Illustration: The First Image shows a part of Israel's sacrificial system. Changes in this system are mentioned in today's chapter. The Second Image depicts Solomon's Temple. The Priests' Kitchens, which were also a feature of Ezekiel's Temple, are depicted and annotated. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Ezekiel 46, the LORD gives laws for various offerings and feasts, laws for how the prince may make various inheritance gifts, and the places for offering various sacrifices and offerings. This was to be a new order of worship, in a new Temple, in a new (renewed) land. In the words of Matthew Henry, "Whether the rules for public worship here laid down were designed to be observed, even in those things wherein they differed from the law of Moses, and were so observed under the second temple, is not certain; we find not in the history of that latter part of the Jewish church that they governed themselves in their worship by these ordinances, as one would think they should have done, but only by law of Moses, looking upon this then in the next age after as mystical, and not literal."
     The Offerings of the Prince and the People on Various Occasions (1-15). As the east gate of the outer court was to be kept shut except for the Prince (Ezekiel 44:1-3), so also the opening of east gate of the inner court was restricted. It was to be opened on the Sabbath and the New Moon. The Prince gives his offerings to the priests, bows in worship at the threshold of the gate, and departs. The people do the same at the same gate at the same times (1-3). The LORD then gives instructions for the types and amounts of offerings which the Prince shall give, and he directs his movements in and out of the portico of the gateway (4-8). Instructions are also given for the movements of the people. They must go in one gate and out the opposite gate (9). The Prince and the people are to enter and leave at the same time. Instructions are also given for the offerings (10-11). When the Prince makes a freewill offering, the east gate shall be opened for him and closed when he finishes (12). Burnt offerings and grain offerings are to be given every morning perpetually. Also it may be implicit in the text that a similar evening sacrifice was to be offered as required in Numbers 28:3-4. Matthew Poole has this opinion, but other commentators think only a morning sacrifice is required (13-15).
     The Inheritance Laws for the Prince and the People (16-18). The Prince may give gifts to his sons or to his servants. But gifts to servants return to the Prince when the Year of Freedom arrives. Gifts to sons are theirs and their descendants perpetually (16-17). The Prince may give gifts only from his own inheritance and may not take any of the inheritance of any of the people.
     The Courts or Kitchens for Cooking The Boiled and Baked Offerings of the Priests and the People (19-24). Ezekiel's guide then showed him the courts or kitchens which were used for cooking those offerings which had to be either boiled or baked. The preparations were done there so that the offerings did not have to be brought into the outer court and thereby sanctify the people unlawfully.

     [ Sermons: Patrick Fairbairn. Matthew Henry. Matthew Poole. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Ezekiel 46: Ezekiel 33. Ezekiel 34. Ezekiel 35. Ezekiel 36. Ezekiel 37. Ezekiel 38. Ezekiel 39. Ezekiel 40. Ezekiel 41. Ezekiel 42. Ezekiel 43. Ezekiel 44. Ezekiel 45. Ezekiel 46. Ezekiel 47. Ezekiel 48. ]
[1] Ezekiel 45:17; Ezekiel 44:1-3; Ezekiel 45:17.
[2] Ezekiel 46:8; Ezekiel 44:3.
[3] John 10:9; Hebrews 10:19-22.
[4] Numbers 28:9-10; Ezekiel 45:17.
[5] Ezekiel 45:24; Numbers 28:12; Leviticus 14:21; Numbers 6:21; Deuteronomy 16:17.
[6] Numbers 28:11-15; Leviticus 5:7, 11; Leviticus 12:8; Numbers 10:10; Ezekiel 45:4; Ezekiel 45:22.
[7] Ezekiel 42:1-14; Ezekiel 45:24; Ezekiel 41:1-11.
[8] Ezekiel 44:1-3; Ezekiel 36:38; Ezekiel 45:17; Leviticus 23:2; Hosea 12:9.
[9] Exodus 23:14-17; Exodus 34:23; Deuteronomy 16:16; Psalm 84:7.
[10] 2 Chronicles 7:4-5; 2 Chronicles 29:28-29; 2 Chronicles 34:30-31; Psalm 42:4.
[11] Ezekiel 45:24; Leviticus 23:1-18; Numbers 15:1-41; Numbers 28:1 - 29:40; Deuteronomy 16:1-22.
[12] Leviticus 1:3; Leviticus 23:38; Numbers 29:39; 2 Chronicles 29:31; Ezra 3:5; Ezra 6:17; Ezekiel 44:3; Ezekiel 45:17.
[13] Numbers 28:3-5; Exodus 29:38-42; Numbers 28:3-10; Exodus 12:5; Leviticus 12:6.
[14] Numbers 28:5; Exodus 29:40.
[15] Numbers 28:3-4.
[16] Ezekiel 45:7-9; Ezekiel 45:7-8.
[17] Leviticus 25:10; Ezekiel 45:8.
[18] Ezekiel 22:27; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Micah 3:1-3.
[19] Ezekiel 42:4; Ezekiel 40:44-46; Ezekiel 42:9; Ezekiel 44:4-5.
[20] Ezekiel 44:19; Ezekiel 44:29; Ezekiel 7:1-27; Leviticus 6:18; Exodus 29:37; Exodus 30:29.
[21] Ezekiel 44:10-14; Leviticus 6:25; Leviticus 7:7.
[22-24] Ezekiel 44:9-11.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Ezekiel Detailed Outline

Ezekiel 46

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

3. After the Siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 33:1 - Ezekiel 48:35) - 586-570 B.C. Babylon

D. The Return Motif (37:1 - 48:35)

3). Renewal: The New Temple and the New Land (40:1 - 48:35)

b). The New Land (Continued) (45:1 - 48:35)

     1 Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on [and in a day of] the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened. 2 And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate without, and shall stand by the post of the gate, and the priests shall prepare [this] his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate: then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening. 3 Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons.

     4 And the burnt offering that the prince shall offer unto the LORD in the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish. 5 And the meat offering shall be an ephah for a ram, and the meat offering for the lambs as he shall be able to give [a gift of his hand], and an hin of oil to an ephah. 6 And in the day of the new moon it shall be a young bullock [a son of a herd] a calf without blemish, and six lambs, and a ram: they shall be without blemish. 7 And he shall prepare a meat offering, an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and for the lambs according as his hand shall attain unto, and an hin of oil to an ephah. 8 And when the prince shall enter, he shall go in by the way of the porch of that gate, and he shall go forth by the way thereof.

     9 But when the people of the land shall come before the LORD in the solemn feasts, he that entereth in by the way of the north gate to worship shall go out by the way of the south gate; and he that entereth by the way of the south gate shall go forth by the way of the north gate: he shall not return by the way of the gate whereby he came in, but shall go forth over against it.

     10 And the prince in the midst of them, when they go in, shall go in; and when they go forth, shall go forth. 11 And in the feasts and in the solemnities the meat offering shall be an ephah to a bullock, and an ephah to a ram, and to the lambs as he is able to give [a gift of his hand], and an hin of oil to an ephah.

     12 Now when the prince shall prepare a voluntary burnt offering or peace offerings voluntarily unto the LORD, one shall then open him [this] the gate that looketh toward the east, and he shall prepare [this] his burnt offering and his peace offerings, as he did on the sabbath day: then he shall go forth; and after his going forth one shall shut [this] the gate.

     13 Thou shalt daily prepare a burnt offering unto the LORD of a lamb of the first year [a son of his year] without blemish: thou shalt prepare it every morning [at morning, at morning]. 14 And thou shalt prepare a meat offering for it every morning [at morning, at morning], the sixth part of an ephah, and the third part of an hin of oil, to temper with [this] the fine flour; a meat offering continually by a perpetual ordinance unto the LORD. 15 Thus shall they prepare [this] the lamb, and the meat offering, and the oil, every morning [at morning, at morning] for a continual burnt offering.

     16 Thus saith the Lord GOD; If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons [to a man of his sons], the inheritance thereof shall be his sons'; it shall be their possession by inheritance. 17 But if he give a gift of his inheritance to one of his servants, then it shall be his to the year of liberty; after it shall return to the prince: but his inheritance shall be his sons' for them.

     18 Moreover the prince shall not take of the people's inheritance by oppression, to thrust them out of their possession [from possessing their possession]; but he shall give [this] his sons inheritance out of his own possession: that my people be not scattered every man from his possession.

     19 After he bought me through the entry, which was at the side of the gate, into the holy chambers of the priests, which looked toward the north: and, behold, there was a place on the two sides westward. 20 Then said he unto me, This is the place where the priests shall boil [this] the trespass offering and the sin offering, where they shall bake the meat offering; that they bear them not out into the utter court, to sanctify [this] the people.

     21 Then he bought me forth into the utter court, and caused me to pass by the four corners of the court; and, behold, in every corner of the court there was a court. 22 In the four corners of the court there were courts joined of forty cubits long and thirty broad: these four corners were of one measure. 23 And there was a row of building round about [circling] in them, round about [circling] them four, and it was made with boiling places under the rows round about [circling].

     24 Then said he unto me, These are the places of them that boil, where the ministers of the house shall boil [this] the sacrifice of the people.

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