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2019 May 18
Daniel 6

Daniel's Answer to the King (1890)
Briton Riviere (1840-1920)
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Style
Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester, England, United Kingdom
Image Source: Bible Library.com

     [ Illustration: Today's image depicts Daniel standing safe in the lion's den as described in today's chapter. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Daniel 6 contains the famous account of Daniel in the lions den. Daniel rose to great prominence in the administration of Darius, as he had under previous kings. However, other prominent men in the kingdom were jealous of Daniel and wanted to take his place. They therefore persuaded Darius to issue a decree that anyone who made a petition to any God or man, except Darius, for thirty days should be cast into a den of lions. Darius issued the decree "according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which alters not" (v. 8), so that even the king could not alter it once it went into effect. However, Daniel continued praying to God three times a day. The rulers brought this to the attention of the king, who tried to deliver Daniel, but finally cast him into the den; and he and the lords sealed the den with their own signet rings. After a night of fasting, Darius went to the den and found that God had sent an angel to shut the mouth of the lions. Darius was joyful and removed Daniel but threw the conspirators and their wives and children to the lions which destroyed them. He then issued a decree that everyone in his realm should honor Daniel's God; and he made a statement about God that was very similar to Nebuchadnezzar's in Daniel 4:34-37: Darius said, "he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end" (v. 26).

     An Attempt to Ruin Daniel (1-18). Darius the Mede made Daniel the first of the three highest rulers in his kingdom. He also intended to exalt Daniel further by putting him over the whole kingdom. This would have put Daniel over the three main rulers and would have made him second only to the king himself. This would have made him higher than he had been under Belshazzar (1-3).
     However, the rulers and those who ruled under them tried to block this appointment by attempting to find fault with Daniel. They could not, and they realized that they could only find fault if they found it in regard to the law of his God (4-5).
     So they persuaded Darius to issue a decree that anyone who made any petition to any god or man for 30 days would be thrown to the lions. This decree put Darius in the place of God thereby violating the second commandment which forbids idolatry and the third commandment which forbids dishonor to God. These are the same sins which are prominent in the previous five chapters (6-9).
     Nevertheless, Daniel continued to pray and give thanks to God. His enemies found him doing this and reported him to Darius. They insisted that Daniel be executed. Darius tried to find a way to deliver Daniel. He could not, so he brought Daniel to the lions' den, told him that God would deliver him, and put him in the den. He then spent the night fasting (10-18).

     The Attempt Fails (19-24). The next morning, Darius found Daniel alive because God had sent an angel to shut the mouths of the lions (19-23). The king took him from the pit and threw his enemies and their families into it. They were killed by the lions before they got to the bottom of the den (24).

     Daniel and God are Exalted (25-28). Then Darius made a decree to all the nations under his dominion (25). It stated that they must fear God whose dominion is forever, who delivers and rescues, who does signs and wonders, and who delivered Daniel from the power of the lions (26-27). And Daniel prospered (28).

Alternate Chapter Outline: Various authors see a chiastic * structure in this and other chapters in Daniel. Below, I have presented the outline of David A. Dorsey, slightly modified, from his book The Literary Structure of the Old Testament (p. 261). Below, I have made the main paragraph divisions of Daniel 5 in accord with Dorsey's chiastic divisions.
      * A chiastic structure is a literary form of parallelism in which a succession of ideas leads up to an emphatic central point then repeats in reverse order.

a. Introduction: Daniel's Exaltation in the Government (1-3).
    b. Daniel's Enemies Plot his Death (4-9).
        c. Daniel Thrown into the Lion's Den (10-18).
            d. CLIMAX: Daniel is Unharmed (19-22).
        c'. Daniel Released from the Lion's Den (23).
    b'. Daniel's Enemies Executed (24).
a'. Conclusion: Daniel's Further Exaltation in the Government (25-28).

     [ Sermons: Eric Alexander. Sinclair B Ferguson. William Still. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Daniel 6: Daniel 1. Daniel 2. Daniel 3. Daniel 4. Daniel 5. Daniel 6. ]
[1] Daniel 5:31; 1 Peter 2:14; Esther 1:1; Exodus 18:21-22.
[2] Daniel 2:48-49; Daniel 5:16, 29.
[3] Daniel 5:12-14; Genesis 41:38-41.
[4] Daniel 3:8; Psalm 37:12-13, 32-33; 1 Peter 3:16.
[5] Esther 3:8; John 19:6-7.
[6] Psalm 56:6.
[7] Daniel 3:2, 27; Psalm 59:3.
[8] Esther 3:12; Esther 8:10.
[9] Psalm 118:9.
[10] Luke 14:26; Jonah 2:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:17-18; Matthew 10:28-33.
[11] Psalm 10:9; Psalm 37:32-33.
[12] Daniel 3:8-12; Acts 16:19, 24.
[13] Daniel 3:12; Acts 5:29.
[14] Daniel 3:13; Mark 6:26.
[15] Esther 8:8; Psalm 94:20-21.
[16] 2 Samuel 3:39.
[17] Lamentations 3:53; Matthew 27:60-66; Acts 12:4; Acts 16:23-24.
[18] 1 Kings 21:27; Daniel 2:1; Esther 6:1.
[19] Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2.
[20] Daniel 3:15-17, 28-29.
[21-22] 2 Samuel 22:7; Daniel 3:28.
[23] Daniel 3:25-28.
[24] Deuteronomy 19:18-20; Esther 7:10; Esther 9:10, 25.
[25] Daniel 4:1; Ezra 1:1-2; Esther 8:9.
[26] Daniel 3:29; Daniel 4:34; Daniel 2:44; Ezra 7:12-13.
[27] Psalm 32:7; Daniel 4:2-3, 34.
[28] Daniel 1:21; 2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-2; Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. DANIEL: Daniel Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Daniel Detailed Outline

Daniel 6

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1. Spiritual Struggle in Babylon (1:1 - 6:28)

F. The Struggle with Devotion - Won by God Delivering Daniel from the Lion's Den (6:1-28)

     1 It pleased [It was acceptable before] Darius to set over the kingdom an hundred and twenty princes, which should be over the whole kingdom; 2 And over these three presidents; of whom Daniel was first: that the princes might give accounts unto them, and the king should have no damage. 3 Then this Daniel was preferred above the presidents and princes, because an excellent spirit was in him; and the king thought to set him over the whole realm.

     4 Then the presidents and princes sought [were seeking] to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom; but they could find none occasion nor fault; forasmuch as he was faithful, neither was there any error or fault found in him. 5 Then said these men, We shall not find any occasion against this Daniel, except we find it against him concerning the law of his God.
     6 Then these presidents and princes assembled together to the king, and said thus unto him, King Darius, live for ever. 7 All the presidents of the kingdom, the governors, and the princes, the counsellors, and the captains, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any God or man for thirty days, save of thee, O king, he shall be cast into the den of lions. 8 Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, that it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not. 9 Wherefore king Darius signed the writing and the decree.

     10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did [he was doing] aforetime [from before this]. 11 Then these men assembled, and found Daniel praying and making supplication before his God. 12 Then they came near, and spake before the king concerning the king's decree; Hast thou not signed a decree, that every man that shall ask a a petition of any God or man within thirty days, save of thee, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions? The king answered and said, The thing is true, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not. 13 Then answered they and said before the king, That Daniel, which is of the children of the captiviy of Judah, regardeth not thee, O king, nor the decree that thou hast signed, but maketh his petition three times a day.
     14 Then the king, when he heard these words, was sore displeased with himself, and set his heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured [he was struggling] till the going down of the sun to deliver him. 15 Then these men assembled unto the king, and said unto the king, Know, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is, That no [not any] decree nor statute which the king establisheth may be changed.
     16 Then the king commanded, and they bought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee. 17 And a stone was bought, and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel. 18 Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of musick bought before him: and his sleep went from him.

     19 Then the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste unto the den of lions. 20 And when he came to the den, cried with a lamentable voice unto Daniel: and the king spake and said to Daniel, O Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God, whom thou servest continually, able to deliver thee from the lions? 21 Then said Daniel unto the king, O king, live for ever. 22 My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him innocency was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt.

     23 Then was the king exceeding glad for him, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God.

     24 And the king commanded, and they bought those men which had accused [ate his morsels] Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den.

     25 Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, languages, that dwell in all the earth; peace be multiplied unto you. 26 I make a decree [From before me is commanded a decree], That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end. 27 He delivereth and rescueth, and he worketh signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who hath delivered Daniel from the power of the lions.
     28 So this Daniel prospered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.

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