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Section 1: Examination

(Bible Analysis and Exposition)

Section 2: Exploration


Structural Outlines of all 66 Books of the Bible
Plus Supplemental Material
Including an Outline of Scripture and Gospel Harmonies

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of all 1,189 Chapters of the Bible
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2019 May 24
Daniel 12

Burial of St Lucy (1608)
Caravaggio (1571-1610)
Baroque Style
Bellomo Museum, Syracuse, Sicily, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

[ Illustration: The painting above depicts the burial of one who is expecting the resurrection to life - - the martyr, Saint Lucy. (See verse 2). ]

SECTION 1: Examination
(Bible Analysis and Exposition)

Daniel Detailed Outline

Daniel 12

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.


2. Spiritual Struggle in the Heavenlies (7:1 - 12:13)

D. The Struggle Among Earthly Rulers and Against God's People - Resolved by the Final Judgment (10:1 - 12:1-13)

3). The Struggle Against God's People in the End-Time - Resolved by God's Protection, Culminating in Final Judgment (12:1-13)

     1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. 2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. 4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
     5 Then I Daniel looked, and, behold, there stood other two, the one on this side of the bank of the river, and the other on that side of the bank of the river. 6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders? 7 And I heard [this] the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished. 8 And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things? 9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. 10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand. 11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. 12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. 13 But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.


     Explanation: Daniel 12, is the conclusion of the revelation given to Daniel by "the man clothed in linen" (10:5). In this chapter we read of Michael who will help Israel in the time of great and unparalleled trouble. Also there will be a resurrection of some to everlasting life and of others to everlasting contempt (Compare Isaiah 26:19). This will happen at "the time of the end" (v. 9). [Downloadable Commentary on Daniel (Calvin): Volume 1. Volume 2. ].
     Contrasting fates await different classes of men -- broadly speaking, the righteous and the wicked. (Apparently, judging from verse 9, these fates will happen in "the time of the end"). Some [the righteous] will be purified, made white, and tried. Others [the wicked] will continue in their wickedness. The wicked will not understand, but the righteous shall understand (v. 10).
     I believe that verses 9 and 10 explain verse 4. In the end time, as verse 4 notes, "knowledge shall be increased." And, in the end time, as stated in verses 9 and 10, "the wise shall understand." So, in the end time, I believe, "knowledge" will be enhanced by "understanding," (which is knowledge coupled with insight).
     Also note that Daniel requested additional understanding (v. 8). However, additional understanding would not be given until the end time (v. 9). In the end time, additional understanding would be given to the wise. It seems probable, to me, that this understanding would be of those aspects of the revelation which Daniel did not understand. But for now, for Daniel, rest would be granted, and he would stand in his lot "at the end of the days." And, by implication, since Daniel will be standing in his lot at the end of the days, he too will be a partaker of the understanding which is granted to the wise.
     If my interpretation of these matters is correct, then the increase of knowledge, spoken of in verse 4, would not refer to some general and secular increase of knowledge such as the increase during the Renaissance, or in the rise of modern science. These increases were available to all -- righteous or unrighteous; they were not limited to the purified wise (as in v. 10).
     This interpretation also sheds light on the phrase "many shall run to and fro." Some interpret this as the rise of modern transportation and the increase in international travel. The Hebrew word often indicates movement of some sort, usually in conjunction with some sort of searching, and sometimes the searching aspect is prominent and explicit. (In the link provided, scroll down and check the concordance entries). Here, in Daniel 12:4, in conjunction with verse 10, I believe it is proper to infer that the running "to and fro" is a searching activity. The unrighteous search for knowledge; the righteous find it in it's best form -- (spiritual) understanding.
     The time aspects, mentioned in verses 11-12, are framed by two phrases related to the end times: "the time of the end" (v. 9) and the "end of the days" (v. 13). Seemingly, the events will occur within "the time of the end;" and they will happen sometime before the "end of the days," which, presumably, will be the very last part of "the time of the end."
     In "the time of the end" the wicked will be wicked, the wise will be purified and will understand, the daily (burnt) offering will be taken away, and the desolating abomination will be set up. To see a full list of how the Hebrew words "abomination" and "desolation" are used in Scripture, follow the links and scroll down to the concordance entries. But, generally speaking, "abomination" refers to idols and idol worship, particularly among God's people and in his Temple (Ezekiel 5:11), and "desolation" refers to emptiness (desolate places -- Psalm 69:25), destruction or affliction (as of the Philistines -- 1 Samuel 5:6), or emotional devastation (1 Kings 9:8; Ezra 9:3).
     In the context of Daniel 12, this desolating abomination would be something which takes the place of the regular worship of God, thereby causing devastating effects. It may be set up in the Temple, but this is not specified. We are told simply that the daily (burnt offering) sacrifices cease and the desolating abomination is set up, but the location is not specified. It may be set up somewhere other than the Temple, though the Temple is the most likely place.
     Moreover, this passage does not tell us who will set up this abomination: the Jews, someone else, or the Jews in conjunction with someone.
     We should also note that the desolation prophesied in this chapter is one of several prophesied earlier in the book in Daniel 9:26: ("And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.")

Alternate Chapter Outline: Chapter 12 does not have a chiastic * structure. However, various authors see a chiastic structure in the book of Daniel taken as a whole. Below, I have presented the book outline by David A. Dorsey, slightly modified, from his book The Literary Structure of the Old Testament (p. 260).
      * A chiastic structure is a literary form of parallelism in which a succession of ideas leads up to an emphatic central point then repeats in reverse order.

Hebrew Introduction: Daniel and his three friends in king's training (1).
Aramaic Section (2-7).
  a.  Vision of the four kingdoms in a human image (2).
       b.  Martyr Story: God saves Daniel's three friends in the fiery furnace (3).
            c.  Nebuchadnezzar's pride and Yahweh's sovereignty (4).
            c.  Belshazzar's pride and Yahweh's sovereignty (5).
       b'. Martyr Story: God saves Daniel in the lion's den (6).
  a'.  Vision of the four kingdoms in images of beasts (7).
Hebrew Section (8-12).
  a. Vision of two kingdoms: Persia and Greece; metaphor of beasts (8).
       b.  Vision of the seventy "sevens" (9).
  a'. Vision of two kingdoms: Persia and Greece; metaphor of a man  (10-12).

     [ Sermons: William Still. G. I. Williamson. Various. ]

SECTION 2: Explorations
(Cross-References, Chronology, Maps, Commentaries, Music, Harmonies, Interlinears, Featured Articles)


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.


[1] Revelation 17:14; Revelation 19:11-16; Daniel 11:45; Daniel 9:25; Daniel 10:21; Isaiah 9:7; Ephesians 1:21; Revelation 1:5; Jeremiah 30:7; Matthew 24:21; Mark 13:19; Luke 21:23-24; Joel 3:16-21; Amos 9:11-15; Obadiah 1:17; Zechariah 12:3-10; Revelation 3:5; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 20:12, 15.
[2] Job 19:25-27; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:1-4, 12; Hosea 13:14; 1 Corinthians 15:20-22, 51-54; 1 Thessalonians 4:14; Revelation 20:12; John 5:28-29; Isaiah 66:24.
[3] Daniel 11:33-35; Proverbs 11:30; Proverbs 4:18; Matthew 13:43; 1 Corinthians 15:40-42; Luke 1:16-17; James 5:19-20.
[4] Daniel 8:26; Daniel 12:9; Revelation 10:4; Daniel 8:17; Daniel 11:33; Daniel 11:40; Zechariah 14:6-10; Matthew 24:14; Revelation 14:6-7.
[5] Daniel 10:4-6, 10, 16.
[6] Daniel 8:16; Zechariah 1:12-13; Ephesians 3:10; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 19:14.
[7]Daniel 4:34; Jeremiah 4:2; Daniel 7:25; Luke 21:14; Revelation 10:7; Daniel 8:24; Isaiah 62:12; 1 Peter 2:9.
[8] Acts 1:7.
[9] Daniel 12:4; Daniel 12:13; Revelation 10:4.
[10] Daniel 11:35; Psalm 51:7; Isaiah 1:18; Ezekiel 36:25; Zechariah 13:9; 1 Corinthians 6:11; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 12:10; 1 Peter 1:7, 22; Revelation 19:8, 14; Hosea 14:9; Romans 11:8-10; Daniel 11:33-35; John 8:47; 1 John 5:20.
[11] Daniel 8:11-13, 26, 31; Daniel 9:27; Daniel 11:31; Matthew 24:15-16.
[12] Matthew 10:22; Matthew 24:13; Mark 13:13; Hebrews 12:3; James 1:12; Luke 21:19; Romans 2:7; Colossians 1:11.
[13] Daniel 12:9; Zechariah 3:7; 2 Corinthians 5:1; Revelation 14:13; Psalm 1:5; Jude 1:14-15.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]





          Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5.


          GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub; Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism; Precept Austin; The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5


          MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal. SELECT ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants.

          DRAMA: PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. DANIEL: Daniel Dramatized.










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Diagrammatic T-O map (Modified) -- (early 13th century)
In the original drawing (see link above) the world is portrayed as a circle
divided by a 'T' shape into three continents, Asia, Europe, and Africa.
At the base of the circle is Gades (Cadiz)
Early 13th Century Cartographer (early 13th Century)
Image added to a 13th century edition of
Isidore of Seville's Etymologies (First Edition published c., AD 600-625), British Library
Image Source: Wikimedia

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