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2023 August 23
Amos 8

Boy with a Basket of Fruit (c. 1593)
Caravaggio (1571-1610)
Baroque Style
Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

Today's painting depicts summer fruit, a symbol of the basket of summer fruit which Amos saw in his vision at the opening of today's chapter.

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     Explanation: In Amos 8 Amos sees a basket of summer fruit. Summer fruit was the last to be harvested; therefore it represented the end of the season. Likewise, his people had come to the end of their season with the LORD. But their harvest would be judgment. The LORD recites their sins of oppressing the poor, deceitful merchandising, dishonoring the Sabbath, and idolatry. For these sins they would suffer physical thirst and famine plus spiritual famine (hungering for the Word of the LORD but not finding it). And their judgment would be final: "they shall fall, and never rise up again" (verse 14).

     Sermons: Phillip Jensen. Hugh Palmer. James Philip. William Still.

          THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: JUDAH: Athaliah (841-835 BC) -- 2 Kings 11; 2 Chronicles 22-23; Joash (Jehoash) (835-796 BC) -- 2 Kings 12; 2 Chronicles 24. ISRAEL: Jehu (841-814 BC) -- 2 Kings 9-10; 2 Chronicles 22:8-10; Hosea 1:4-5].


               For extensive lists of Cross references See the following sites:

                    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge - Bible Hub (all Cross References are written out in full)
                    Open Bible Cross References - Open Bible (all Cross References are written out in full)

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]

Amos Structural Outline

1. Prophecy Against Israel (Amos 1:1-2) - 760 B.C., Israel
2. Prophecies Against the Nations Bordering Israel [Damascus, Gaza, Tyre, Edom, Ammon, Moab] - (1:3 - 2:3) - 760 B.C., Israel
3. Prophecies, Negative and Positive, About Judah & Israel (2:4 - 9:15) - 760 B.C., Israel

Amos 8

1. Prophecy Against Israel (Amos 1:1-2) - 760 B.C., Israel

2. Prophecies Against the Nations Bordering Israel [Damascus, Gaza, Tyre, Edom, Ammon, Moab] - (Continued) - (1:3 - 2:3) - 760 B.C., Israel

3. Prophecies, Negative and Positive, About Judah & Israel (2:4 - 9:15) - 760 B.C., Israel

C. About Both Judah and Israel (6:1 - 9:15)

2). Allegories of Coming Judgment - (Continued) - (7:1 - 8:6)

SUPPLEMENT: Detailed Grammatical Analysis of Amos 8

Dictionary & Encyclopedia Links

     1 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me: and behold a basket of summer fruit. 2 And he said, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, A basket of summer fruit. Then said the LORD unto me, The end is come upon my people of Israel; I will not again pass by them any more. 3 And the songs of the temple shall be howlings in that day, saith the Lord GOD: there shall be many dead bodies in every place; they shall cast them forth with silence. 4 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of [humble of] the land to fail, 5 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? 6 That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat?

3). Near and Far Prophecies (8:7 - 9:15)

a). Near (8:7 - 9:10)

7 The LORD hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never forget any of their works. 8 Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwelleth therein? and it shall rise up wholly as a flood; and it shall be cast out and drowned, as by the flood of Egypt.
     9 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day: 10 And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end thereof as a bitter day.
     11 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing [this] the words of the LORD: 12 And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek [this] the word of the LORD, and shall not find it.
     13 In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst. 14 They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.

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