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2016 July 16
Entry of Christ to Jerusalem
Pietro di Giovanni d'Ambrogio (1435-1440)
Early Renaissance Style
Pinacoteca Stuard, Parma, Italy
Image Source: Wikimedia
Explanation: In John 12 Mary, the sister of Martha and of Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from the dead, anointed Jesus while Jesus was sharing a meal with Lazarus and his friends and family. Judas objected, because he said that the ointment should have been sold and the money given to the poor. He was lying about this because he was a thief and took money from the common money bag which Jesus and his apostles shared. Jesus told him to leave Mary alone because she had anointed him for his burial and they could help the poor any time they wished (1-8). Many came to visit Jesus and Lazarus at this meal; and many believed on him. The Jewish leaders therefore plotted to kill both Jesus and Lazarus (9-11).
The next day, the people who attended the feast with Lazarus and Jesus, and those who witnessed the resurrection of Lazarus, went with Jesus into Jerusalem and proclaimed him as the King of Israel. The Jewish leaders were distressed that Jesus was gaining such a huge following (12-19). Some Greeks who were in Jerusalem asked to see Jesus; and Jesus said that this was his hour to be glorified and that the Father would honor anyone who obeyed him. The implication was that these things applied to the Greeks, not just the Jews (20-26).
Jesus then said that his soul was troubled because his hour (to be crucified) was at hand. But, instead of asking for deliverance from it, he asked the Father to glorify his name. The Father spoke and said that he had glorified his name and would glorify it again. Jesus said that the Father's voice came for the sake of those who were at hand. He said that the ruler of this world (Satan) was about to be judged; and, when he was lifted up, he would draw all men to himself. Those who stood by said that they had heard that Christ was supposed to abide forever, so they asked why Jesus spoke to them about being lifted up. Jesus recognized this as unbelief; and he warned them to walk in the light while they had the light (27-36). Because of this unbelief, Jesus withdrew and hid himself. But many, even among the authorities, believed in Jesus, but they did not confess it because they would have been put out of the synagogues because they loved the glory that comes from men, rather than the glory that comes from God (37-43). Jesus warned his hearers that, if they refused the light of his words, the Father would judge them on the basis of his words, and they would miss the salvation which he came to provide (44-50).
[Sermons: John Macarthur. John Stott. Various. ]
[Illustration: Today's painting depict's Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem, described in the early part of today's chapter. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
John 12:1-11: Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9.
John 12:12-19: Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:29-44.
John 12:20-36: Luke 22:42.
John 12:37-50: Isaiah 53:1; Isaiah 6:10. ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
2. His Salvation Manifested to the World (Jn 1:29 - Jn 12:50) - (Continued) - 29 - 33 A.D. Israel
1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.
2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.
3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard [genuine nard], very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.
4 Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him,
5 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?
6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.
7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.
8 For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.
9 Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead.
10 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;
11 Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.
12 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.
14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,
15 Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.
16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him.
17 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record.
18 For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle.
19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.
20 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast:
21 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus.
22 Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.
23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.
24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.
25 He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.
26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.
27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.
28 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.
29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.
30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.
31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.
32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.
33 This he said, signifying what death he should die.
34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?
35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:
38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?
39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.
42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:
43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
44 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.
45 And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me.
46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
47 And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.
48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.
50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.
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