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Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2016 September 18
Image 1: Jane Morris (The Blue Silk Dress) - (1868)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Style
Society of Antiquaries of London, Kelmscott Manor, London, England, United Kingdom
Image Credit: Wikimedia
Image 2: The Seven Sacraments II: Eucharist (1647)
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
French Baroque Style; Classicism Movement
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art
Explanation: In 1 Corinthians 11, Paul addresses two major themes, respectful worship and injurious behavior among believers. Paul begins by asking the Corinthians to be his followers, as he is of Christ. He praises them for doing so (1-2)
Section 1: Respectful Worship. Paul tells the Corinthians that the head of every man is Christ, the head of the woman is the man, and the head of Christ is God (3). He then comments on some of the implications of these headships. It is shameful for a man who prays or prophesies to have his head covered (4). Conversely, it is shameful for a woman who is praying or prophesying to have her head uncovered, particularly if her hair is shorn (5-6).
In terms of how we were created, the man should not cover his head because he is the image and glory of God. The woman is the glory of the man. The woman (the original woman, Eve) came from man (Adam). She was created for the man. Therefore, she should have a symbol of authority on her head (7-10). But, the other aspect of the created order, is that women and men are not independent of one another. Just as woman was made from man, so men are now born of women. And everything is from God (11-12).
It should be obvious that it is not proper for a woman to pray with her head uncovered for two reasons. First, nature teaches us that it is a disgrace for a man to have long hair. But it glorifies a woman to have long hair since hair is a covering for her (13-15).
Section 2: Injurious Behavior Among Believers. Contention is against the norms of the Apostles and the Christian Church. But divisions sort out real Christians from false Christians (16-19).
Also, Paul's readers were not observing the Lord's Supper (Communion, or the Eucharist) properly. Each person had a meal of his own rather than waiting for all to assemble. As a result, one goes hungry, and another gets drunk. They should eat their meals in their own houses. Instead, they despise the church of God by humiliating those who have nothing. This is not commendable (20-22).
The Lord Jesus called the Communion bread his body. He called the wine his blood. Therefore, when we partake of these elements, we proclaim the Lord's death until his comes (23-26).
Paul warns them that anyone who eats the bread or drinks the cup unworthily, without discerning the Lord's body, brings guilt and judgment upon himself. For this reason, many are weak and sickly, and some have died. If we judged ourselves we would not be judged. But when the Lord judges us it is to discipline us so that we will not be condemned with the world (27-32).
We should, therefore, wait for one another. The hungry should eat at home. This will keep them from judgment. And Paul said that he would have further instructions for them when he come to them (33-34).
[Sermons: Richard Sibbes. D A Carson. Various. ]
[Illustration: Today's images depict two aspects of today's chapter, womanhood and the Lord's Supper. The first painting shows an idealized woman. In today's chapter, Paul idealized women as "the glory of the man" (v. 7). The regulations in the chapter regarding hair and coverings are meant to enhance the status of the woman as the glory of man.
In the second painting, Judas is accurately depicted a leaving the Passover meal before the Lord instituted the Lord's Supper. For him, the consequences of his dismissal and his treachery were fatal. Likewise, though Paul does not use Judas as an example, the consequences of sin against the Lord during the Lord's Supper and of sin against the brethren, are sometimes fatal, though lesser consequences also come upon some. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
1 Corinthians 11:1 (1 Corinthians 10:23 - 11:1): Romans 2:12-16; Romans 14:5-12; Romans 14:13-23; Romans 15:1-6; 2 Corinthians 6:14 - 7:1; Galatians 2:11-14; Ephesians 5:15-20; Colossians 3:12-17.
1 Corinthians 11:2-16: Ephesians 5:21 - 6:9; Philippians 4:8-9; 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15.
1 Corinthians 11:17-22: Romans 14:1-4.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26: 1 Corinthians 10:14-22.
1 Corinthians 11:27-34: Romans 14:13-23; 2 Corinthians 13:5-10. ]
NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
1 Corinthians 11
1. Issues Affecting the Corinthian's Unity (1 Corinthians 1:1 - 1 Corinthians 15:58) - 54 A.D. Philippi
1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.
2 Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you.
3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.
4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head.
5 But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven.
6 For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered.
7 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.
8 For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man.
9 Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man.
10 For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels.
11 Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord.
12 For as the woman is of the man, even so is the man also by the woman; but all things of God.
13 Judge in yourselves: is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered?
14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him?
15 But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering.
16 But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God.
17 Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.
18 For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.
19 For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
20 When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.
21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.
22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
24 And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.
27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
33 Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another.
34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
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