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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 October 9

Interior Scene (1660)
Quiringh van Brekelenkam (1622/29 - 1669/79)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     Explanation: In Galatians 3, Paul asks the Galatians who bewitched them that they should not obey the truth. The Greek word for "bewitch" has a root idea of speaking or saying something. So the underlying idea is that someone spoke so persuasively to them that they abandoned the truth even though they were fully aware of Christ and his crucifixion and of the implications of that knowledge (1).
     He points out to them that they did not receive the Holy Spirit by obeying the law. The Holy Spirit came to them when they heard the gospel and believed. So why do they think that, having begun in the Spirit, they can now be made perfect by the flesh? Is their suffering now in vain? It was faith, not the law, which gave them the supply of the Spirit and the miracles which were among them (2-5).
     Abraham, for example, received righteousness by believing God. Likewise, it is by faith that we become sons of Abraham. When God told Abraham that in him all the nations shall be blessed, he referred to the blessings which come by the type of faith which Abraham had (6-9).
     All who rely on the works of the law are under a curse, because the law says, "Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them." The just are able to live by faith because Christ has taken away the curse of the law by being made a curse for us. This is why the blessing of Abraham comes to the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, by whom we receive the Holy Spirit when we believe (10-14).
     Even covenants made by men are not disannulled or added to. In the case of the covenant between Abraham and God, nothing can disannul it, not even the Law of Moses (15-18).
     Th law was given to address transgressions, and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator, Moses, who was the mediator between God and the people (19-20).
     The law is not against the promises of God. If the law could have given life, then righteousness would have been by the law. But all have sinned. Therefore, the life-giving promise is given to those who believe (21-22).
     The law was out schoolmaster to bring us to Christ so that we might be justified by faith. We are all one in Christ. And if we belong to Christ, then we are Abraham's seed, and we are heirs according to the promise, since God's promise was to Abraham and to his seed (23-29).
     [Sermons: Stuart Olyott. Dick Lucas. F F Bruce. John Samson. Various. ]
     [Illustration: Today's painting depicts a schoolmaster. In today's chapter, the law is out schoolmaster who points us to Christ. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Galatians 3:1-5: Romans 8:9-17; Romans 10:14-17; 1 Corinthians 2:1-5; 1 Corinthians 3:1-4; Ephesians 2:1-10; Philippians 3:2-11; Colossians 2:8-15. Galatians 3:6-9: Romans 4:1-8; Romans 9:6-13; Romans 15:7-13. Galatians 3:10-14: Romans 1:16-17; Romans 2:25-29; Romans 3:9-20; Romans 10:5-13; 2 Corinthians 3:7-11; Romans 7:7-13. Romans 2:25-29 Galatians 3:15-18: Romans 4:13-15; Romans 9:6-13; 2 Corinthians 3:7-11. Galatians 3:19-20: Romans 4:13-15; Romans 5:12-21; Romans 9:1-5; Romans 10:1-4; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6. Galatians 3:21-25: Romans 3:9-20; Romans 6:11-14; Romans 7:7-13; Romans 11:25-32; 2 Corinthians 3:7-11; 2 Corinthians 3:12-18; Philippians 3:2-11. Galatians 3:26-29: 1 Corinthians 12:12-13; Colossians 3:5-11; Romans 10:5-13; Ephesians 2:11-22. ]
     NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
     Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
     Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Book Outline:

1. Do not Turn From the Gospel Which is From God (Galatians 1:1 - Galatians 2:21) - 49 A.D. Rome
2. This Gospel is the Instrument By Which You Received the Spirit (Galatians 3:1 - Galatians 4:31) - 49 A.D. Rome
3. The Spirit Enables you to Live Holy, the Law Does Not (Galatians 5:1 - Galatians 6:18) - 49 A.D. Rome

Galatians 3

2. This Gospel is the Instrument By Which You Received the Spirit (Galatians 3:1 - Galatians 4:31) - 49 A.D. Rome

     1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? 2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? 3 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? 4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain. 5 He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
     6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. 7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. 8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. 9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
     10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. 12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: 14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
     15 Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto. 16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. 17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. 18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
     19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. 21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid [do not let it be]: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. 22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
     23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. 26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

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