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2016 October 28
George Clive and his Family with an Indian Maid (1765)
Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792)
Classicism Style; Grand Manner
Gemaldegalerie, Berlin, Germany
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
Explanation: In 1 Thessalonians 2, Paul reminds the Thessalonians of his sufferings at Philippi which, however, did not deter him from being bold in declaring the gospel to the Thessalonians even though much conflict followed him there. He and his fellow ministers preached the gospel free of flattery, error, impurity, deceit, flattery, greed, glory-seeking, or demands. Instead, they were as gentle as a nurse or a mother, and they were willing to share not only the gospel, but themselves as well. (1-8).
They worked night and day so that they would not be chargeable to the Thessalonians while they were preaching the gospel to the them. Their conduct among them was holy, righteous, and blameless. And they exhorted and encouraged the Thessalonians to walk in a manner worthy of God. (9-12).
They were grateful that the Thessalonians accepted the word of God as the word of God in spite of persecution from those who wanted the gospel stopped lest the Gentiles be saved (13-16).
Although they were torn away from the Thessalonians by persecution, Paul's desire to see them in person increased, but Satan hindered him constantly. Nevertheless, Paul considered them to be his glory and joy (17-20).
[Sermons: Eric Alexander 1. Eric Alexander 2. Various. ]
[Illustration: Today's image features a child with her father, her mother, and her nurse. Paul characterized the gentleness which he and his fellow ministers had toward the Thessalonians as the gentleness which a nurse and a mother felt toward a child which they loved. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
1 Thessalonians 2:1-8: Romans 15:14-21; Romans 16:17-20a; 1 Corinthians 4:14-21; 1 Corinthians 9:15-18; 2 Corinthians 2:14-17; 2 Corinthians 3:4-6; 2 Corinthians 4:1-6; 2 Corinthians 6:1-10; 2 Corinthians 7:2-4; 2 Corinthians 10:1-6; 2 Corinthians 11:7-11; 2 Corinthians 12:14-18; Galatians 4:12-20; Philippians 2:1-11; Colossians 2:4-7; Philemon 1:8-14.
1 Thessalonians 2:9-12: 1 Corinthians 4:14-21; 1 Corinthians 9:1-14; 2 Corinthians 1:12-14; 2 Corinthians 11:7-11; Philippians 4:10-20; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-13.
1 Thessalonians 2:13-16: Romans 10:1-4; Romans 11:25-32; 1 Corinthians 1:18-25; Galatians 1:6-12; Galatians 1:13-14; Philippians 3:17-21.
1 Thessalonians 2:17-20: Romans 15:22-29; 1 Corinthians 4:14-21; 1 Corinthians 16:1-4; 1 Corinthians 16:5-9; 2 Corinthians 1:15-22; 2 Corinthians 1:23 - 2:4; 2 Corinthians 9:1-5; 2 Corinthians 12:19 - 13:10; Philemon 1:21-22; 2 Corinthians 2:12-13; 2 Corinthians 7:5-13a.
NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
1. Continual Trials: Mutual Ministry & Witness by Paul & His Readers (1 Thessalonians 1:1 - 1 Thessalonians 4:12) - 51 A.D. Athens
1 Thessalonians 2
1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain:
2 But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.
3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:
4 But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.
5 For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God is witness:
6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.
7 But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherisheth her children:
8 So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us.
9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.
10 Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily and justly and unblameably we behaved ourselves among you that believe:
11 As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children,
12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
14 For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews:
15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
17 But we, brethren, being taken from you for a short time [a season of an hour] in presence, not in heart, endeavoured the more abundantly to see your face with great desire.
18 Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.
19 For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?
20 For ye are our glory and joy.
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