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Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2017 August 14
A Praying Monk (1530s)
Jan Massys (c. 1510 - 1575)
Northern Renaissance / Early Netherlandish Style
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: Judges 3 begins with a notation, as in the previous chapter, that the LORD left the nations among the Israelites to test them and to teach the art of war to the new generation. The nations that remained were the Philistines, the Canaanites, the Sidonians, the Hivites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Israel intermarried with these people (1-6).
Israel also forgot the LORD and served foreign gods. So the LORD was angry and delivered them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia for eight years. When the Israelites cried to the LORD for deliverance he delivered them by the hand of Othniel. The land then had rest for forty years (7-11).
When Israel returned to their evil ways the LORD sold them into the hand of Eglon the king of Moab for eighteen years (12-14).
Israel again cried to the LORD for deliverance, and he sent Ehud who killed Eglon secretly (15-23).
After a delay Eglon's servants found him dead (24-25).
Meanwhile, Ehud escaped and rallied the Israelites who slew ten thousand warriors. And the land had rest for eighty years (26-30).
Afterward, Shamgar killed 600 men with an ox goad. This was a pole with a sharp metal point on one end and a paddle on the other for cleaning dirt from plow blades. He may have acted alone, whereas Othniel and Ehud rallied the whole nation (31).
[ Sermons: William Still. Barry Webb. Various. ]
[ Illustration: Prayer (as in the painting above) was at the heart of the trials and deliverances recorded in today's chapter and in the rest of the book. When Israel turned from the LORD (thereby declining in prayer) trials came. Deliverance came when they turned back to the LORD and offered earnest prayers to him for help. ]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Judges 3:
 Judges 2:22.
 2 Chronicles 32:31.
 1 Samuel 29:6; Judges 13:1; Genesis 10:15; Joshua 11:3; Genesis 10:17; Joshua 13:5; Joshua 12:7; Joshua 11:17.
 Judges 2:22.
 Exodus 33:2; Exodus 34:1; Joshua 24:11; Ezra 9:1; Judges 3:5-16.
 Deuteronomy 7:3; Judges 2:1.
 Judges 2:11; Exodus 34:13; Deuteronomy 8:5; Deuteronomy 16:21; 2 Kings 23:14; Judges 2:13; Exodus 34:13; Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 12:3; 1 Kings 14:23; Micah 6:12.
 Habakkuk 3:7; Genesis 10:8; Habakkuk 3:11; Judges 1:33.
 Psalm 26:5; Psalm 78:34; Psalm 106:44; Luke 1:69; Acts 13:23; Hebrews 9:27; Judges 1:13.
 Isaiah 61:1; Numbers 11:25; Judges 6:34; Judges 6:34; Judges 11:29; Judges 13:25; Judges 6:34; 1 Chronicles 12:18; 2 Chronicles 24:20; Song of Solomon 4:7; 1 Chronicles 4:10; Judges 1:13; Psalm 43:1.
 Luke 20:11-12; Judges 2:11; 1 Samuel 12:9; Psalm 22:12; Amos 4:1.
 Genesis 19:37-38; 2 Chronicles 20:1; Judges 11:24; Joshua 18:24; Exodus 17:8-16; Deuteronomy 25:17; 1 Samuel 15:2-8; Genesis 14:7; Judges 1:16.
 Deuteronomy 28:47-48; Judges 3:13.
 Genesis 46:21; 1 Chronicles 8:3; 2 Samuel 19:18; 1 Chronicles 8:1-8; Psalm 7:1; Judges 20:15-16; 1 Chronicles 12:2; Psalm 69:16; 1 Chronicles 8:6; 2 Samuel 8:6; 1 Kings 4:21; Psalm 72:10.
 Revelation 1:16; Psalm 144:6; Hebrews 4:12; 2 Samuel 20:9-10.
 Genesis 32:16.
 Deuteronomy 7:5; 2 Kings 17:41; Psalm 97:7; Joshua 4:2; Judges 3:18; Judges 5:26.
 Amos 3:15; Mark 14:15.
 Nahum 3:3; 1 Samuel 17:7; Ezekiel 42:5; Judges 3:24.
 1 Samuel 24:4.
 2 Kings 2:17; 2 Kings 8:11; Judges 4:22.
 Judges 4:5; Judges 10:1; 1 Samuel 1:1; 1 Samuel 13:6; 1 Samuel 14:22.
 Judges 7:9-15; 1 Samuel 17:47; 1 Kings 22:12; Joshua 2:7; Judges 12:5-6.
 Judges 5:6; Jeremiah 39:3; 1 Samuel 18:7; 1 Samuel 13:21; Acts 9:5; Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8; 1 Samuel 13:19; 1 Samuel 17:40; 1 Samuel 17:43; Judges 15:15; Judges 4:1.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Judges Detailed Outline
Note: The Book of Judges teaches Israel's unfaithfulness. (The previous book, The Book of Joshua, teaches the Lord's faithfulness.)
Note: Some of the Judges may overlap each other chronologically and may have served in only part of the country.
1. The Historical Setting (1:1 - 3:6) - (1390 - 1377 B.C. Israel)
A. The Present Setting [in the Time of the Judges - This is the Second Campaign of Judah] (1:1-7)
B. The Past Setting [in Joshua's Time - First Campaigns of 6 Tribes] (1:8 - 3:6)
1 Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;
2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing
3 Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
4 And they were to prove Israel by them, know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.
5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:
6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
2. The History of the Judges (3:7 - 16:31) - (1377 - 1055 B.C. Israel)
7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
8 Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.
9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.
10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
12 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.
13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.
14 So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.
16 But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.
17 And he bought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man.
18 And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present.
19 But he himself turned again from the quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him.
20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of his seat.
21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly:
22 And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.
23 Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.
24 When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour were locked, they said, Surely he coverth his feet in his summer chamber.
25 And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth.
26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath.
27 And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.
28 And he said unto them, Follow after me: for the LORD hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.
29 And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man.
30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.
31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.
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