Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 August 15

Image 1: Jael, Deborah and Barak (1635)
Salomon de Bray (1597-1664)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, Netherlands
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art


Image 2: Jael and Sisera (c. 1620)
Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 - c. 1656)
Baroque Style
Szepmuveszeti Museum, Budapest, Hungary
Image Credit: Art Bible


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Judges 4, after Ehud died, Israel again departed from the LORD. And the LORD gave them over to Jabin king of Canaan. He reigned in Hazor, and his captain was Sisera. And the Israelites cried to the LORD for deliverance (1-3).
     Deborah, who was a prophetess and a judge, called Barak and told him that the LORD had commanded him to fight Sisera. Barak insisted that Deborah go with him or he would not go. She agreed but informed him that the glory of the fight would go to a woman because the LORD would deliver Sisera in to the hand of a woman (4-11).
     When Sisera gathered his troops, Barak fought him and destroyed the whole army, except Sisera, who fled the battlefield on foot (12-16).
     Sisera came to the tent of Jael who invited him to hide in her tent. When he fell asleep she nailed his head to the tent floor with a tent peg and informed Barak of his death (17-22).
     So Israel prevailed against king Jabin and destroyed him (23-24).
     [ Sermons: William Still. Philip Vos. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's chapter contains the story of the Judge Deborah. The key participants and the key incident in the chapter are illustrated in the paintings above. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [1] Psalm 78:57; Judges 3:12; Judges 3:31.
     [2] Judges 2:14; Joshua 11:1; Joshua 19:36; 1 Kings 9:15; 2 Kings 15:29; Judges 5:19; Joshua 11:8; Joshua 11:21-22; 1 Samuel 12:9; Ezra 2:53; 2 Samuel 21; Ezra 2:43; 1 Chronicles 9:2; Genesis 14:1; Joshua 12:23.
     [3] Judges 3:9; Judges 3:15; Psalm 107:13; Judges 1:19; Joshua 17:10.
     [4] Exodus 15:20; 2 Kings 22:14; Nehemiah 6:14; Luke 2:36; Judges 4:9; Judges 5:7; Judges 5; Isaiah 62:1; Job 41:2; Nahum 2:5; Judges 5:15; Deuteronomy 17:8.
     [5] Genesis 14:13; 1 Samuel 14:2; Psalm 9:3; Judges 20:33; Genesis 35:8; 1 Samuel 10:3; Joshua 18:25; Joshua 16:2; Judges 3:27; Joshua 15:2; Numbers 16:12; Deuteronomy 25:7.
     [6] Mark 3:17; Numbers 20:1; Joshua 15:23; Joshua 12:22; Joshua 19:35; Joshua 20:7; Joshua 21:32; Genesis 37:21; Exodus 12:21; Judges 20:37; Exodus 19:13; Joshua 6:5; Joshua 19:22; Psalm 89:12; Jeremiah 46:18; Deuteronomy 33:19; Jeremiah 46:18.
     [7] Psalm 83:9; 1 Kings 18:40.
     [9] Judges 9:24.
     [10] 2 Samuel 20:4-5; Judges 5:14; Judges 5:18; Judges 4:14; Judges 5:15; Judges 8:5; Exodus 11:8; 1 Kings 20:10.
     [11] Judges 1:16; Judges 3:31; Numbers 10:29; Joshua 19:33; Genesis 35:8; 1 Samuel 10:3; 1 Kings 4:9; Judges 9:37; Joshua 24:26; Joshua 19:33; Genesis 49:21; Judges 9:6-37; Genesis 12:6; Genesis 13:18; 1 Samuel 10:3; Isaiah 33:20.
     [12] Judges 1:16.
     [14] Zechariah 14:3; Deuteronomy 9:3; Hebrews 11:32.
     [15] Exodus 14:24; Joshua 10:10; Psalm 20:7; Psalm 33:16-17; Proverbs 21:31; Psalm 83:9-10; Judges 5:20-22.
     [16] Psalm 83:10.
     [17] Genesis 18:6; Genesis 24:67.
     [19] Jeremiah 35:2.
     [21] Exodus 27:19; Isaiah 22:23; Isaiah 54:2; Judges 5:26; Judges 1:14; Psalm 76:6; Judges 5:27.
     [23] Hosea 1:4; 1 Kings 16:7.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Judges Detailed Outline

Judges 4

Note: The Book of Judges teaches Israel's unfaithfulness. (The previous book, The Book of Joshua, teaches the Lord's faithfulness.)

Note: Some of the Judges may overlap each other chronologically and may have served in only part of the country.

1. The Historical Setting (1:1 - 3:6) - (1390 - 1377 B.C. Israel)

A. The Present Setting [in the Time of the Judges - This is the Second Campaign of Judah] (1:1-7)

B. The Past Setting [in Joshua's Time - First Campaigns of 6 Tribes] (1:8 - 3:6)

2. The History of the Judges (3:7 - 16:31) - (1377 - 1055 B.C. Israel)

Map | Time Line

     1 And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, when Ehud was dead. 2 And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles. 3 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.
     4 And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time. 5 And she dwelt under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in mount Ephraim: and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6 And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun? 7 And I will draw unto thee to the river Kishon Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand. 8 And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go: but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go. 9 And she said, I will surely go [going I will go] with thee: notwithstanding the journey that thou takest shall not be for thine honour; for the LORD shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10 And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him. 11 Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.
     12 And they shewed Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor. 13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon. 14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him. 15 And the LORD discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighed down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet. 16 But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left.
     17 Howbeit Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite. 18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not. And when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a mantle. 19 And he said unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; [Give to drink, you, me please a little water]; for I am thirsty. And she opened a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, and covered him. 20 Again he said unto her, Stand in the door of the tent, and it shall be, when any man doth come and enquire of thee, and say, Is there any man here? that thou shalt say, No. 21 Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of the tent, and took an hammer in her hand, and went softly unto him, and smote the nail into his temples, and fastened it into the ground: for he was fast asleep and weary. So he died. 22 And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I will shew thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples.
     23 So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel. 24 And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed [walked hard] against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.

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