Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 August 16

Waiting, Rue de Chateaubriand, Paris (c. 1900)
Jean Beraud (1849-1935)
Impressionist Style Elements
Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Judges 5 is a hymn of victory. The song begins with praise to the LORD for avenging Israel when his people willingly offered themselves for war (1-2).
     The song calls upon kings and princes to give ear to these praises of God. (3).
     Addressing the LORD, Deborah and Barak recount the might and majesty of the LORD who went out in Seir, and Edom, and Sinai (4-5).
     The song then describes the desolate condition of the country in the days of Shamgar and Jael, when the Israelites lived in fear, until Deborah arose as a mother in Israel (6-7).
     Israel had chosen new gods, and there was war in the gates; but Israel was defenseless (8).
     But various governors of Israel offered themselves willingly to fight (as in verse 2), and the song calls upon them to speak of the righteous acts of the LORD toward Israel (9-11).
     Likewise, Deborah and Barak call upon themselves to respond -- Deborah to utter a song and Barak to lead his captives captive. Barak prefigures the Messiah, who also led his captives captive -- Psalm 68:18; Ephesians 4:8 (12).
     It was in this military action that the LORD gave the remnant in Israel dominion over the Canaanite nobles through Deborah (13).
     Help came from Ephraim, Benjamin, Machir (the half tribe of Manasseh on the western side of the Jordan), Zebulun, and Issachar (14-15a).
     But Reuben, Gilead (the half tribe of Manasseh on the eastern side of Jordan), Dan, and Asher stayed home. Nevertheless, Zebulun and Naphtali jeopardized their lives (15b-18).
     The kings of Canaan, led by Sisera, came and fought. But the stars in their courses fought against Sisera; and the river Kishon swept them away; and the horse hoofs were broken (19-22).
     And the LORD pronounced a curse on Meroz (a city which was probably near the fighting) because they did not help the LORD against the mighty (23).
     But a blessing was pronounced upon Jael who gave aid to the LORD by killing Sisera. She was supremely blessed. As with Barak in verse 12, this prefigures the Messiah, specifically the Messiah's mother, Mary, who was supremely blessed because she bore the Messiah -- Luke 1:28, 42, 45, 48 (24-27).
     The song then describes the anxiety of Sisera's mother about Sisera's long delay in returning home (28-30); and the song closes with a wish that all the LORD's enemies should perish like Sisera but that all who love him would be like the sun which goes forth in its strength (31a). And the land had rest for forty years (31b).
     [ Sermons: William Still. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting illustrates an aspect of the victory song of Deborah and Barak -- waiting. But the waiting which Sisera's mother endured was in vain and is poignantly described below in verses twenty-eight through thirty. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [2] Deuteronomy 32:42; Judges 5:9; Judges 5:13; Psalm 110:3.
     [3] Psalm 2:10.
     [4] Psalm 68:7-9; Habakkuk 3:3-12; Exodus 19:16-18; Deuteronomy 33:3.
     [5] Isaiah 63:19; Isaiah 64:3; Psalm 97:5; Psalm 68:8.
     [6] Judges 4:17; Proverbs 5:19; Leviticus 26:22; Isaiah 33:8; Zechariah 7:14; 2 Chronicles 15:5; Lamentations 1:4; Lamentations 4:18.
     [7] Deuteronomy 3:5; 1 Samuel 6:18; Habakkuk 3:14; 2 Samuel 20:19; Job 29:16; Genesis 45:8.
     [8] Deuteronomy 32:16-17; Jeremiah 2:11; Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:7-8; Judges 3:31; 1 Samuel 13:19; Judges 4:15; Joshua 4:13.
     [10] Judges 10:4; Judges 12:14; Ezekiel 27:18; Zechariah 9:9; Joshua 15:61; Matthew 21:7; Psalm 109:18; Deuteronomy 6:7.
     [12] Revelation 13:10.
     [14] Isaiah 27:6; Psalm 80:10; Judges 12:15; Isaiah 1:29; Isaiah 42:20; Hosea 5:8; Genesis 1:23; Numbers 27:1; Joshua 17:5; 2 Kings 25:19; Jeremiah 52:25.
     [15] Job 20:17; Isaiah 12:1.
     [17] Psalm 16:9; Joshua 19:46; 2 Chronicles 2:16; Ezra 3:7; Deuteronomy 32:27; Joshua 19:28-29.
     [18] Judges 9:7; Isaiah 53:12; Joshua 11:5; Joshua 11:7.
     [19] Joshua 11:1; Judges 1:27.
     [20] Luke 12:20; Judges 4:22; Job 38:7.
     [21] Judges 4:7; Psalm 83:9; 1 Kings 18:40; Deuteronomy 33:15; Psalm 79:8.
     [22] Jeremiah 8:15; Jeremiah 51:11.
     [23] Judges 21:9-10; Haggai 1:13; Malachi 2:7; Judges 4:4.
     [26] Judges 4:21.
     [30] Exodus 15:9; Exodus 16:16; Numbers 1:2; 1 Chronicles 12:23; Numbers 31:17-18; Judges 15:16.
     [31] Psalm 83:9-10; Psalm 83:12-15; Psalm 19:4-5; Psalm 68:1-3; Daniel 12:3; Matthew 13:43; Judges 3:11; Judges 3:30; Judges 8:28.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Judges Detailed Outline

Judges 5

Note: The Book of Judges teaches Israel's unfaithfulness. (The previous book, The Book of Joshua, teaches the Lord's faithfulness.)

Note: Some of the Judges may overlap each other chronologically and may have served in only part of the country.

1. The Historical Setting (1:1 - 3:6) - (1390 - 1377 B.C. Israel)

A. The Present Setting [in the Time of the Judges - This is the Second Campaign of Judah] (1:1-7)

B. The Past Setting [in Joshua's Time - First Campaigns of 6 Tribes] (1:8 - 3:6)

2. The History of the Judges (3:7 - 16:31) - (1377 - 1055 B.C. Israel)

Map | Time Line

1 Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,

2 Praise ye the LORD
for the avenging [for liberation by liberators] of Israel,
when the people willingly offered themselves [volunteered].

3 Hear, O ye kings;
give ear, O ye princes;
I, even I, will sing unto the LORD [I, to Yahweh, I, I will sing];
I will sing [I will make melody]
praise to the LORD God of Israel.

when thou wentest out of Seir,
when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom,
the earth trembled,
and the heavens dropped,
the clouds also dropped
5 The mountains melted from before the LORD,
even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.

6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath,
in the days of Jael,
the highways were unoccupied,
and the travellers [walkers of paths]
walked through byways [roads of winding].
7 The inhabitants of the villages ceased,
they ceased in Israel,
until that I Deborah arose,
that I arose a mother in Israel.
8 They chose new gods;
then was war in the gates:
was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?
9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel,
that offered themselves willingly among the people.
Bless ye the LORD.

10 Speak, ye that ride on white asses,
ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.
11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers
in the places of drawing water,
there shall they rehearse the righteous acts of the LORD,
even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his villages in Israel:
then shall the people of the LORD go down to the gates.

12 Awake, awake, Deborah:
awake, awake, utter song:
arise, Barak,
and lead thy captiviy captive,
thou son of Abinoam.
13 Then he made him that remaineth
have dominion over the nobles among the people:
the LORD made me have dominion over the mighty.
14 Out of Ephraim
was there a root of them against Amalek;
after thee, Benjamin,
among thy people;
out of Machir
came down governors,
and out of Zebulun
they that handle the pen of the writer.
15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah;
even Issachar,
and also Barak:
he was sent on foot into the valley.
For the divisions of Reuben
there were great thoughts of heart.
16 Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds,
to hear the bleatings of the flocks?
For the divisions of Reuben
there were great searchings of heart.
17 Gilead abode beyond Jordan:
and why did Dan remain in ships?
Asher continued on the sea shore,
and abode in his breaches.
18 Zebulun and Naphtali
were a people
that jeoparded their lives unto the death
in the high places of the field.

22 Then were the horsehoofs [heels of a horse] broken
by the means of the pransings,
the pransings of their mighty ones.

23 Curse ye Meroz,
said the angel of the LORD,
curse ye bitterly [curse, curse] the inhabitants thereof;
because they came not to the help of the LORD,
to the help of the LORD against the mighty.

24 Blessed above women
shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be,
blessed shall she be above women in the tent.

28 The mother of Sisera looked out at a window,
and cried through the lattice,
Why is his chariot so long in coming?
why tarry the wheels of his chariots?
29 Her wise ladies answered her,
she returned answer to herself,
30 Have they not sped?
have they not
divided the prey;
to every man
a damsel or two;
to Sisera
a prey of divers colours,
a prey of divers colours of needlework,
of divers colours of needlework on both sides,
meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?

31 So let all thine enemies perish,
but let them that love him
be as the sun
when he goeth forth in his might.

And the land had rest forty years.

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