Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 October 11

David (c. 1500)
Pedro Berruguete (c. 1450 - 1504)
Transitional Style Between Gothic and Renaissance Styles
Santa Eulalia, Paredes de Nava, Spain
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In 2 Samuel 5, David is anointed king by all twelve tribes of Israel. They came to David in Hebron acknowledging that they were bone and flesh relatives with David, and that David had been their chief military commander under Saul, and that the LORD had said that David would be a captain over Israel. In the parallel passage in 1 Chronicles 11:1-2, the acknowledgement is worded in a similar but slightly fuller way, with Israel acknowledging their kinship to David, acknowledging his leadership under Saul, and acknowledging that God had told David that David would feed Israel and be their ruler; and this was done in accord with the word of the LORD by Samuel. David reigned forty years -- seven years and six months in Hebron, and thirty three years in Jerusalem. As shown in the parallel passage below (appended to verse 5), the sacred writer understood the whole forty years of David's reign to be a reign "over all Israel" (1-5).
     After his inauguration, David went against Jerusalem which was held by the Jebusites. They mocked him, saying that even their lame and blind could defeat him. However, David conquered the city, using Joab as his general, gaining entrance to it by the water-shaft. From that point, David grew greater and greater (6-10).
     Hiram King of Tyre built David a house in Jerusalem. And David realized that the LORD had established him as king of Israel and had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people, Israel (11-12).
     David took more wives and concubines and had more sons and daughters (13-16).
     But the Philistines attacked him; and the LORD gave him victory over them (17-21).
     The Philistines came again. And the LORD sent him to attack them from the rear, giving him a signal of the sound of troops going through the tops of the mulberry trees. And David again defeated them (22-25).
     [ Sermons: William W Goligher. William Still. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts King David. David is the chief character in today's chapter, and his anointing is the chief subject. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [1] 1 Chronicles 12:23-40; Genesis 29:14; Judges 9:2; 2 Samuel 3:18; 2 Samuel 19:12.
     [4] 1 Chronicles 29:26-27.
     [5] 2 Samuel 2:11; 1 Chronicles 3:4; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Chronicles 29:27.
     [6] Joshua 10:23-26; Joshua 12:10; Judges 1:7-8; Judges 1:21; Judges 19:11-12; 1 Chronicles 11:4.
     [8] Psalm 42:7; 1 Chronicles 11:6.
     [9] Judges 9:6; Judges 9:20; 1 Kings 11:27; 2 Chronicles 32:5.
     [11] 1 Kings 5:1; 2 Chronicles 2:3; 1 Kings 9:10-14; 1 Kings 6:1, 38; 1 Kings 7:1; 2 Samuel 5:10; 2 Samuel 7:2; 2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Chronicles 22:9; 2 Chronicles 2:13.
     [13] Deuteronomy 17:17; 1 Chronicles 14:3.
     [14] 1 Chronicles 3:5-9; 1 Chronicles 14:5-7; 2 Samuel 12:24.
     [18] Joshua 15:8; 2 Samuel 23:13.
     [21] 1 Chronicles 14:12; Deuteronomy 7:5.
     [24] Judges 5:4; Psalm 68:7.
     [25] 1 Chronicles 14:16; 1 Chronicles 14:8-17; 2 Samuel 13:5-14; 2 Samuel 15.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Samuel Detailed Outline

2 Samuel 5

Note: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel are one book. Also, 1 Kings and 2 Kings are one book.
Samuel and Kings reveal Israel's history from Samuel to the beginning of the Babylonian Captivity.
1 and 2 Chronicles, originally one book, trace the history of God's people from creation to the end of the Babylonian Captivity.

David's Reign as God's Chosen Dynastic King (2 Samuel 1:1 - 24:25) - 1010 - 971 B.C. Israel

A. Phase 1: As King Over Judah (2 Samuel 1:1 - 4:12) - 1010 - 1003? B.C. Judah

B. Phase 2: As King Over Israel (2 Samuel 5:1 - 24:25) - 1003? - 971 B.C., Israel (United Kingdom)

1. Initial Consolidation of His Rule (2 Samuel 5:1 - 7:29)

Map | Time Line

     1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 2 Also in time past [yesterday, trebly], when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. 3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel. 4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
     6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. 8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house. 9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 10 And David went on [and he is walking walking], and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
     11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons [and artificers of stone walls]: and they built David an house. 12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
     13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. 14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
     17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver [giving I shall give] the Philistines into thine hand. 20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. 21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
     22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 23 And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. 24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself [you shall be decisive]: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines. 25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.

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copyright 2017, Scott Souza