Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 November 1

Image 1: The Judgment of Solomon (1649) - (Detail)
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
Classical French Baroque Style
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Sights Within


Image 2: Stanczyk (1862)
Jan Matejko (1838-1893)
Individualized Romantic and Academic Style; History Painting Movement
Muzeum Narodowe, Warsaw, Poland
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In 1 Kings 2, David, as he was dying, commanded Solomon to be strong and to keep the ways of the LORD that the LORD's blessing might continue on the house of David, as the LORD promised (1-4).
     He also commanded Solomon to make sure that Joab paid with his blood for murdering Abner and Amasa. But he commanded Solomon to show kindness to Barzillai for his kindness to David when he fled from Absalom. He also told Solomon to execute Shimei for his wickedness (5-9).
     So David died and was buried in Jerusalem, having reigned over Israel for forty years -- seven in Hebron, and thirty-three in Jerusalem. Solomon succeeded him (10-12).
     After David's death, Adonijah came to Bathsheba and persuaded her to ask Solomon that he might have Abishag for a wife (13-18).
     Bathsheba went to Solomon who received her with honor. She presented Adonijah's request. But Solomon realized that this was an attempt by Adonijah to again lay claim to the kingdom. He realized also that it would empower Abiathar the priest and Joab the chief military commander. So he sent Benaiah to kill Adonijah (19-25).
     He then banished Abiathar from the priesthood, sparing his life because of his formerly positive relationship with David. This fulfilled a long-standing prophecy that the house of Eli, of whom Abiathar was the main heir, would loose the right to be the Chief Priests in Israel (26-27).
     When Joab heard about all of these things, he fled to the Tabernacle and laid hold of the horns of the altar. Solomon sent Benaiah to kill him; but Joab would not let go of the altar. So Solomon told Benaiah to kill him there at the altar, so that his blood-guilt would come upon him and be removed from the house of David. Benaiah killed him; and, after Joab was buried, Solomon made Benaiah the chief captain in place of Joab. Solomon also made Zadok Chief Priest instead of Abiathar (28-35).
     Solomon then sent for Shimei and ordered him to build himself a house in Jerusalem and ordered him never to leave the city limits beyond the brook Kidron on penalty of death. Shimei agreed; and he dwelt for three years in Jerusalem (36-38).
     At the end of three years, two of Shimei's servants ran away to Gath. Shimei went there and brought them back. When Solomon heard of the matter, he called Shimei before him. He reminded Shimei of his oath, told him that his heart was full of wickedness, and ordered Benaiah to kill him. Thus, with the removal of the last of the conspirators, the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon (39-46).
     [ Sermons: William Still. James Faris. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's chapter contains an account of the events leading to the final consolidation of Solomon's power on the throne of Israel. Today's paintings represent two emotional aspects of those events -- exaltation and dejection. For Solomon, in the first painting, the result was exaltation, represented by Solomon's enthronement, taken from a larger painting which pertains to events described in 1 Kings Chapter 3. The second painting represents the dejection of a "fool." The person depicted merely played the fool in the court of his king. He was noted for wisdom and insight which he delivered to the court in the form of satire and jesting. His dejection came from a political reversal suffered by his king. His counterpart (Abiathar) in today's chapter seemed wise and honorable but was, in fact a fool, who lost his office as High Priest and almost lost his life (as did others among his associates) for participating in political intrigue in the court of David and Solomon. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chapter 2: Chronologically and Thematically Related Scriptures]: 1 Chronicles 28; 1 Chronicles 29; 2 Samuel 5:4-5; 1 Chronicles 3:4; 1 Chronicles 29:26-30; 1 Chronicles 29:23-25; 2 Chronicles 1:1; Psalm 37; Psalm 138.
     [2] Joshua 23:14.
     [3] 2 Samuel 7:12-16; 2 Samuel 23:3-5; 1 Chronicles 29:18-19.
     [5] 2 Samuel 3:28-29; 2 Samuel 3:37-39.
     [7] 2 Samuel 19:37-40; Jeremiah 41:17.
     [8] 2 Samuel 19:18-23; 2 Samuel 16:5-8; 2 Samuel 19:17; Psalms 69.
     [12] 1 Kings 11:14-25.
     [13] 1 Kings 1:15-16; 1 Kings 1:28; 1 Kings 1:31.
     [15] 2 Samuel 16:21.
     [22] 1 Samuel 25:21-22.
     [24] 1 Kings 1:29.
     [25] 1 Kings 1:38; Judges 8:20-21.
     [26] Joshua 21:18; 1 Chronicles 6:60; Jeremiah 1:1; Jeremiah 32:7; 1 Samuel 22:20-23.
     [27] 1 Samuel 2:30-35; 1 Samuel 3:11-14; 1 Kings 2:35.
     [28] Exodus 21:14; Numbers 35:33; 2 Samuel 20:18.
     [35] 1 Kings 4:2-6.
     [39] 1 Samuel 27:2.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

1 Kings Detailed Outline

1 Kings 2

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings were one Book. Overlapping dates for various kings indicate overlapping reigns (co-regencies).

1. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 11:43) - 971 - 931 B.C. Israel

A. His Rise by Wisdom (1 Kings 1:1 - 10:29)

1. The Initial Consolidation of His Kingdom (1 Kings 1:1 - 2:46)

Map | Time Line

     1 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying, 2 I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; 3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself: 4 That the LORD may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.
     5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. 6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace. 7 But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom thy brother. 8 And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. 9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.
     10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. 11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. 12 Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly.
     13 And Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, Comest thou peaceably? And he said, peaceably. 14 He said moreover, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And she said, Say on. 15 And he said, Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign: howbeit the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother's: for it was his from the LORD. 16 And now I ask one petition of thee, deny me not. And she said unto him, Say on. 17 And he said, Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say thee nay,) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife. 18 And Bathsheba said, Well; I will speak for thee unto the king.
     19 Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother; and she sat on his right hand. 20 Then she said, I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay [do not turn away this my face]. And the king said unto her, Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay . 21 And she said, Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife. 22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah. 23 Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life. 24 Now therefore, as the LORD liveth, which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and who hath made me an house, as he promised, Adonijah shall be put to death this day. 25 And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died.
     26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. 27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
     28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. 29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him. 30 And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth. And he said, Nay; but I will die here. And Benaiah bought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me. 31 And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. 32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. 33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever [unto perpetuity] from the LORD. 34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness. 35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.
     36 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither. 37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that thou shalt surely die [dying you shall die]: thy blood shall be upon thine own head. 38 And Shimei said unto the king, The saying is good: as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do. And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.
     39 And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away unto Achish son of Maachah king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy servants be in Gath. 40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and bought his servants from Gath. 41 And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again. 42 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Did I not make thee to swear by the LORD, and protested unto thee, saying, Know for a certain [Knowing you shall know], on the day thou goest out, and walkest abroad any whither, that thou shalt surely die [dying you shall die? and thou saidst unto me, The word that I have heard is good. 43 Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that I have charged thee with? 44 The king said moreover to Shimei, Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore the LORD shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head; 45 And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the LORD for ever [unto perpetuity]. 46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell upon him, that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.

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