Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 November 2

Image 1: Egyptian Princess (c. 2010)
Anja (Anjasp3)
Contemporary Realism Style; Self Identified as Traditional Art
Private Collection
Image Source: DeviantArt


Image 2: The Judgment of Solomon (1605-1613)
Antoon Claeissens (c. 1536 - 1613)
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: The focus of 1 Kings 3 is God's blessings to Solomon, particularly the gift of wisdom.
     Solomon made a league with Pharaoh and married his daughter. He kept her in Jerusalem until he finished building his house, the Temple, and the wall around Jerusalem. During this time, before the Temple was built, the people worshiped in high places. Solomon is not criticised for marrying Pharaoh's daughter in this chapter; but in 1 Kings 11, when he was older and had turned after foreign gods, his marriage to her and his other foreign wives was strongly criticised and became the chief reason that the LORD allowed the kingdom to be divided (1-2).
     But at this time Solomon loved the LORD and walked in the ways of David, his father, except for sacrificing and burning incense in the high places. He went to the great high place, in Gibeon, and offered a thousand burnt offerings. That night the LORD appeared to him in a dream and asked him what he would have the LORD give him. He thanked the LORD for his great kindness to him and his father; and he asked for wisdom that he might govern Israel well (3-9).
     This pleased the LORD, and he granted him wisdom above all others and granted him riches and honor above all others. And the LORD cautioned him to walk in his ways (10-14).
     Solomon returned to Jerusalem and offered additional offerings before the ark of the covenant and made a feast for his servants (15).
     Afterward, two harlots came to Solomon. Both had sons; but one son died and the other lived. One of the harlots switched the dead child for the living child during the night. They came to Solomon pressing their claims to the living child (16-22).
     After hearing their arguments, and having no way to discern between the claims, Solomon told one of his soldiers to cut the child in half and give half to one woman and half to the other. But one woman was horrified at the idea and begged that the child be given to the other woman. The other woman wanted it to be divided. Solomon said that the compassionate woman was the mother and commanded that the child be given to her. This incident demonstrated to all of Israel the great wisdom of Solomon (23-28).
     [ Sermons: William Still. Russell D Moore. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Two key parts of today's chapter are illustrated above -- an Egyptian princess, such as the one Solomon married, and Solomon's judgment of two harlots. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chapter 3 Related Scriptures: Psalm 45; 2 Chronicles 1:2-13; Psalm 72; 1 Kings 11:21-22.]
     [1] 1 Kings 11:1-8; Psalm 45:10.
     [2] Deuteronomy 12:2-3; Psalm 74:8; 1 Samuel 7:10; 1 Samuel 13:9; 1 Samuel 14:35; 1 Samuel 16:5; 1 Chronicles 21:26.
     [4] Joshua 9:23.
     [5] 2 Samuel 7:2-17; 2 Samuel 12:1-14; 2 Samuel 24:11-14; 1 Samuel 23:9-12; 1 Samuel 30:7; 2 Samuel 2:1; Genesis 20:3-7; Genesis 31:24; Genesis 40:5; Genesis 41:1-8; Judges 7:13; Daniel 2:1; Daniel 4:10-18; Genesis 15:12; Genesis 28:12-15; Genesis 37:5-10; Daniel 2:19; Daniel 7:1.
     [6] 1 Kings 4:29.
     [11] Matthew 6:33.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

1 Kings Detailed Outline

1 Kings 3

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings were one Book. Overlapping dates for various kings indicate overlapping reigns (co-regencies).

1. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 11:43) - 971 - 931 B.C. Israel

A. His Rise by Wisdom (1 Kings 1:1 - 10:29)

1. The Initial Consolidation of His Kingdom (1 Kings 1:1 - 2:46)

2. The Development of His Kingdom (1 Kings 3:1 - 11:43)

Map | Time Line

     1 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and bought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about. 2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days.
     3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high places. 4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar. 5 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee. 6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. 7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child: I know not how to go out or come in. 8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. 9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
     10 And the speech pleased [was good in the eyes of] the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing. 11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life [abundant days]; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment; 12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. 13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days. 14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days.
     15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants.
     16 Then came there two women, that were harlots, unto the king, and stood before him. 17 And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house. 18 And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house. 19 And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it [she lay down upon him]. 20 And she arose at midnight [in the midst of the night], and took my son from beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom. 21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it [attended unto him] in the morning, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear. 22 And the other woman said, Nay; but the living is my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No; but the dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king.
     23 Then said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the living. 24 And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they bought a sword before the king. 25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other. 26 Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it [killing do not kill him]. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, but divide it. 27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it [killing do not kill him]: she is the mother thereof. 28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do judgment.

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