Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 February 18

The Death of King Josiah (c. 1660)
Antonio Zanchi (1631-1722)
Baroque Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts the climactic event of today's chapter, the death of Josiah. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Chronicles 35 gives the details of Josiah's Passover and of his death in battle.

[Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

     Josiah (640-608 B.C.), King of Judah, initiated a Passover in the 18th year of his reign (v.19) by causing the priests to bring the Ark of the Covenant into the Temple, to prepare themselves to serve, and to make other necessary preparations for the Passover (1-6).
     And Josiah gave thousands of sacrifices to his people to offer (7-9).
     And the Passover was offered. And the priests, Levites, singers, and other officials served, as they had been appointed (10-15).
     The priests and the people kept both the Passover and the feast of unleavened bread. The celebration was greater than any Passover since the time of Samuel, including the Passovers celebrated by the various kings of Israel (16-19).
     Sometime later, Pharaoh Necho came against Carchemish; and Josiah went out against him. Necho said that he had no quarrel with Josiah and warned him to go home because God had sent him against Carchemish. Josiah did not heed this warning, though it was from God. Instead he went disguised into the battle. But Josiah suffered a deadly wound; and his servants took him back to Jerusalem where he died. He was greatly mourned; and Jeremiah and others wrote poems of lamentation for him. The rest of his acts were written in his court records (20-27).
     Parallel accounts to this chapter are described and illustrated in the following DAWN pages: 2 Kings 22; 2 Kings 23. Josiah was contemporary with the following prophets: Zephaniah (640 B.C.); Jeremiah (627-560 B.C.); Habakkuk (609 B.C.).

     [ Sermons: C. H. Spurgeon. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 2 Chronicles 35: 2 Kings 23:21-30; Jeremiah 7; Jeremiah 8; Jeremiah 9; Jeremiah 10; Jeremiah 11; Jeremiah 12].
     [1] 2 Kings 23:21-23; 2 Chronicles 30:1-2; 2 Chronicles 30:13.
     [2] 2 Chronicles 8:14; 2 Chronicles 29:5.
     [3] Nehemiah 8:7; 2 Chronicles 17:8-9; Exodus 28:36; 1 Chronicles 23:26; Numbers 4:15; Numbers 7:9; 1 Chronicles 15:2.
     [4] 1 Chronicles 28:19; Exodus 32:16.
     [6] 2 Chronicles 30:16.
     [7] 2 Chronicles 30:24; 2 Chronicles 31:3; 2 Chronicles 32:29.
     [8] Leviticus 7:16; 2 Chronicles 30:24; 2 Chronicles 31:13; 1 Chronicles 9:11; 2 Chronicles 34:9; 2 Kings 25:18; Ezra 8:2.
     [9] 2 Chronicles 31:12-15.
     [10] 2 Chronicles 30:16.
     [11] 2 Chronicles 30:17.
     [12] Leviticus 3:9; Leviticus 4:31; Leviticus 3:9; Leviticus 3:14; Leviticus 3:16.
     [13] Exodus 12:8-9; 2 Chronicles 29:33; Deuteronomy 16:1-8; Genesis 41:14.
     [14] Luke 22:8-9; Luke 22:13.
     [15] 1 Chronicles 23:28; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6.
     [18] 2 Kings 23:22; 1 Samuel 7:15; 2 Chronicles 30:26; 2 Chronicles 34:33.
     [19] 2 Kings 23:23; 2 Chronicles 34:8.
     [20] 2 Kings 23:29-30; 2 Chronicles 32:1; Judges 5:1; 2 Kings 23:29; Genesis 10:30.
     [21] Mark 5:7; Luke 8:28; 1 Chronicles 18:10.
     [22] 2 Chronicles 18:29; 2 Kings 23:29.
     [23] 2 Chronicles 18:33; 1 Chronicles 10:3; 2 Chronicles 18:33.
     [24] 2 Kings 23:30; 2 Kings 21:18.
     [25] Jeremiah 22:10; Jeremiah 22:18; Zechariah 12:11.
     [26] 2 Chronicles 32:32; 2 Kings 23:28.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Chronicles Detailed Outline

2 Chronicles 35

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 & 2 Chronicles are one Book. The author may have been Ezra.

2. The Kings: The Kings from the Tribes of Benjamin and Judah (1 Chronicles 10:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

B. From the Tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

18. Josiah of Judah (2 Chronicles 34:1 - 36:1) - {640-609}

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Time Line

     1 Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month. 2 And he set the priests in their charges, and encouraged them to the service of the house of the LORD, 3 And said unto the Levites that taught all Israel, which were holy unto the LORD, Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel did build; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders: serve now the LORD your God, and his people Israel, 4 And prepare yourselves by the houses of your fathers, after your courses, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son. 5 And stand in the holy place according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your brethren the people [sons of the people], and after the division of the families [the house of the father of] of the Levites. 6 So kill the passover, and sanctify yourselves, and prepare your brethren, that they may do according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
     7 And Josiah gave to the people [the sons of the people], of the flock, lambs and kids [sons of goats], all for the passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bullocks: these were of the king's substance. 8 And his princes gave willingly unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave unto the priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred small cattle, and three hundred oxen. 9 Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, chief of the Levites, gave unto the Levites for passover offerings five thousand small cattle, and five hundred oxen.
     10 So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king's commandment. 11 And they killed the passover, and the priests sprinkled the blood from their hands, and the Levites flayed them. 12 And they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according to the divisions of the families [the house of the fathers] of the people [sons of the people], to offer unto the LORD, as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the oxen. 13 And they roasted the passover with fire according to the ordinance: but the other holy offerings sod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and divided them speedily among all the people [the sons of the people]. 14 And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the priests: because the priests the sons of Aaron were busied in offering of burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves, and for the priests the sons of Aaron. 15 And the singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king's seer; and the porters waited at every gate [at gate and gate]; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.
     16 So all the service of the LORD was prepared the same day, to keep the passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of the LORD, according to the commandment of king Josiah. 17 And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days. 18 And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.
     20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him. 21 But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy thee not. 22 Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself , that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo. 23 And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded [I am wounded exceedingly]. 24 His servants therefore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had; and they bought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. 25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they are written in the lamentations. 26 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and his goodness, according to that which was written in the law of the LORD, 27 And his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.

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