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2018 October 28
Proverbs 26

Erminia Finds the Wounded Tancred (1618-1619)
Guercino (1591-1666)
Baroque Style
Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Arts

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts a man with grievous wounds, the physical counterpart of the spiritual wounds caused by the talebearer mentioned in verse 22. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Proverbs 26 contains comparisons and contrasts between the righteous and the wicked. Most of today's proverbs deal with fools, sluggards, and troublemakers.
          The subjects of chapter 26 are these:
               Like snow in summer or rain in harvest, so honor is not fitting for a fool (1).
               Like a sparrow flitting, or a swallow flying, so a curse that is causeless will not alight (2).
               A whip for a horse, a bridle for a donkey, and a rod for the back of fools (3).
               Do not answer a fool according to his folly, lest you be like him. In other words, do not answer a fool foolishly, because you will also be a fool. Conversely, answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise in his own eyes. In other words, answer a fool wisely and you will correct his foolishness (4-5).
               Anyone who sends a message by the hand of a fool cuts off his own feet and drinks violence (6).
               Like a lame man's legs, which hang useless, so is a proverb in the mouth of fools (7).
               Like one who binds a stone in a sling, so in one who gives honor to a fool (8).
               As a thorn goes into the hand of a drunkard, so is a proverb in the mouth of fools (9).
               The great God who formed everything rewards both the fools and the transgressors (10).
               As a dog returns to its vomit, so a fool returns to his folly (11).
               Do you see a man who is wise in his own eyes? There is more hope for a fool than for him (12).
               The sluggard makes ridiculous excuses such as this: "There is a lion in the road! There is a lion in the street!" (13).
               As a door turns on its hinges, so a sluggard turns on his bed (14).
               The sluggard buries his hand in the dish; it wears him out to bring it back to his mouth (15).
               The sluggard is wiser in his own eyes than seven men who can answer sensibly (16).
               Whoever meddles in a quarrel that is not his own is like one who takes a passing dog by the ears (17).
               Like a madman who throws firebrands, arrows, and death, so is the man who deceives his neighbor and claims to be joking (18-19).
               For lack of wood the fire goes out; and where there is no whisperer, quarreling ceases (20).
               As charcoal to hot embers and wood to fire, so is a quarrelsome man for kindling strife (21).
               The words of a whisperer are like delicious morsels; they go down into the inner parts of the body (22).
               Like the glaze covering an earthen vessel are fervent lips with an evil heart (23).
               The one who hates others disguises himself with his lips and harbors deceit in his heart. When he speaks graciously do not believe him, because there are seven abominations in his heart. Even though he covers his hatred with deception, his wickedness will be exposed in the assembly (24-26).
               Whoever digs a pit will fall into it, and whoever rolls a stone, it will come back upon him (27).
                A lying tongue hates its victims, and a flattering mouth works ruin (28).

     [ Sermons: Bryan D Estelle. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Proverbs 26: 2 Kings 18-20. 2 Chronicles 29-32. Isaiah 36-39. Proverbs 25. Proverbs 26. Proverbs 27. Proverbs 28. Proverbs 29. ]
[1] Ecclesiastes 10:5-7.
[2] Numbers 23:8; Psalm 109:28.
[3] Proverbs 27:22.
[4-5] 1 Peter 3:9; Proverbs 26:12.
[6] Proverbs 13:17.
[7] Proverbs 17:7.
[8] Proverbs 26:1.
[9] Proverbs 15:2.
[10] Proverbs 11:31.
[11] 2 Peter 2:22. Proverbs 28:11
[12] Proverbs 28:11.
[13] Proverbs 22:13.
[14] Proverbs 6:9-10.
[15] Proverbs 19:24.
[16] Proverbs 12:15.
[17] Proverbs 18:6.
[18-19] Proverbs 10:23; Proverbs 14:9.
[20] Proverbs 22:10.
[21] Proverbs 15:18.
[22] Proverbs 18:8.
[23] Proverbs 10:18.
[24-26] Proverbs 9:8; Psalm 12:2; Psalm 55:21-23.
[27] Proverbs 28:10.
[28] Proverbs 29:5.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Proverbs 26. Book of Proverbs. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Proverbs Detailed Outline

The Proverbs are grouped into two Collections, each having 2 Sections, with various Sub-Sections. (See the Detailed Outline above and below).

1. Collection 1 - Proverbs of Solomon & the Wise (Solomon's Collection)
     (1:1 - 24:34) - 968 - 946 B.C., Israel
     A. Section 1 - Proverbs of Solomon (1:1 - 22:16)
          1). Sub-Section 1 - "The Proverbs of Solomon, Son of David" (1:1 - 9:18)
               a). Purpose: To teach the fear of the LORD, the beginning of wisdom (1:1-7, esp. 7)
               b). Precepts: The seductions of folly verses the attractions of wisdom (1:8 - 9:18)
                    (1). Part 1: (1:8 - 4:27)
                         (a). Folly: Wicked Companions Bring Death (1:8-19)
                         (b). Wisdom: Wisdom Brings Life and reward (1:20 - 4:27)
                    (2). Part 2: (5:1 - 6:19)
                         (a). Folly: Adulterous Women Bring Suffering and Death (5:1-15)
                         (b). Wisdom: Safety from Marital Love + Diligence in Wisdom (5:16 - 6:19)
                    (3). Part 3: (6:20 - 9:18)
                         (a). Folly: Adulterous Women Bring Deceit & Death (6:20 - 7:27)
                         (b). Wisdom: It Brings Favor from the LORD, Kings, & Rulers (8:1 - 9:18)
          2). Sub-Section 2 - "The Proverbs of Solomon" (10:1 - 22:16)
                    Note: This section builds on the previous section by offering a series of contrasts between the wise and the foolish and between wisdom and folly in general.
                    Having offered a strong persuasion in the previous section to follow wisdom, the author now shows what wisdom is in daily life.
                    In the latter sections the proverbs are generally arranged individually, and groupings are less frequent and mainly shorter.
     B. Section 2 - Sayings of the Wise: ["Pay attention and listen to the sayings of the wise"] - (22:17 - 24:34)
              Note: If Ecclesiastes 12:9 refers to Solomon, this collection may be one of those which he "searched out and arranged." (See also 1 Kings 4:32).
                       The same is true for the last group of proverbs (30:1 - 33:31).
          1). Sub-Section 1 - "The Sayings of the Wise" (22:17 - 24:22)
          2). Sub-Section 2 - "These Also are the Sayings of the Wise" (24:23 - 24:34)
2. Collection 2 - Proverbs of Solomon & the Wise (Hezekiah's Collection)
     (25:1 -31:31) - 968 - 946 B.C., Israel
     A. Section 1 - Proverbs of Solomon (25:1 - 29:27)
          "These are also proverbs which the men of Hezekiah King of Judah copied out."
               Note: This shows that the Book of Proverbs reached its final form in Hezekiah's time (715-686 B.C.) - about 230 years or more after the death of Solomon (971-931 B.C.).
                         The copyists may have been Isaiah, Micah, Hosea, Eliakim, Joah, Shebna or other inspired men.
                         The proverbs may have been collected from the 3,000 Proverbs mentioned in 1 Kings 4:32 and / or official records.
                         The new collection may have been compiled about 713 B.C., around the time when Hezekiah invited Israelites from the other tribes
                            to partake of the Passover and to be instructed in the law (2 Chronicles 30).

Proverbs 26

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 As snow in summer,
and as rain in harvest,
so honour is not seemly for a fool.

2 As the bird by wandering,
as the swallow by flying,
so the curse causeless shall not come.

3 A whip for the horse,
a bridle for the ass,
and a rod for the fool's back.

4 Answer not a fool according to his folly,
lest thou also be like unto him.
5 Answer a fool according to his folly,
lest he be wise in his own conceit.

6 He that sendeth a message by the hand of a fool
cutteth off the feet,
and drinketh damage.

7 The legs of the lame are not equal:
so is a parable in the mouth of fools.

8 As he that bindeth a stone in a sling,
so is he that giveth honour to a fool.

9 As a thorn goeth up into the hand of a drunkard,
so is a parable in the mouth of fools.

10 The great God that formed all things
both rewardeth the fool,
and rewardeth transgressors.

11 As a dog returneth to his vomit,
so a fool returneth to his folly.

12 Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit?
there is more hope of a fool than of him.

13 The slothful man saith,
There is a lion in the way;
a lion is in the streets.

14 As the door turneth upon his hinges,
so doth the slothful upon his bed.

15 The slothful hideth his hand in his bosom;
it grieveth him to bring it again to his mouth.

16 The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit
than seven men that can render a reason.

17 He that passeth by,
and meddleth with strife belonging not to him,
is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.

18 As a mad man
who casteth firebrands,
and death,
19 So is the man that deceiveth his neighbour,
and saith,
Am not I in sport?

20 Where no wood is,
there the fire goeth out:
so where there is no talebearer,
the strife ceaseth.

21 As coals are to burning coals,
and wood to fire;
so is a contentious man
to kindle strife.

22 The words of a talebearer are as wounds,
and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.

23 Burning lips
and a wicked heart
are like a potsherd covered with silver dross.

24 He that hateth dissembleth with his lips,
and layeth up deceit within him;
25 When he speaketh fair,
believe him not:
for there are seven abominations in his heart.
26 Whose hatred is covered by deceit,
his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation.

27 Whoso diggeth a pit
shall fall therein:
and he that rolleth a stone,
it will return upon him.

28 A lying tongue hateth those that are afflicted by it;
and a flattering mouth worketh ruin.

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